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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a mediator of host immunity and functions as a high, upstream activator of cells within the innate and the adaptive immunological systems. Recent studies have suggested a potentially broader role for MIF in growth regulation because of its ability to antagonize p53-mediated gene activation and apoptosis. To(More)
Mammalian metaphase II (mII) exit and embryogenesis are induced at fertilisation by a signal thought to come from the sperm protein, phospholipase C-zeta (PLCZ1). Meiotic progression can also be triggered without sperm, as in parthenogenesis, although the classic mouse in vivo parthenogenetic model, LT/Sv, fails in meiosis I owing to an unknown molecular(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are rare progenitor cells that can be isolated from various tissues. They exhibit multilineage differentiation potential, support regenerative processes, and interact with various immune cells. Therefore, MSCs represent a promising tool for regenerative medicine. However, source-dependent and donor-dependent differences of(More)
Inflammatory diseases at epithelial borders develop from aberrant interactions between resident cells of the tissue and invading immunocytes. Here, we unraveled basic functions of epithelial cells and immune cells and the sequence of their interactions in an inflammatory skin disease. Ubiquitous deficiency of the IkappaBalpha protein (Ikba(Delta)(/Delta))(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the efficacy of engineered mesenchymal stem cell based therapy directed towards pancreatic tumor stroma. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are actively recruited to tumor stroma where they enhance tumor growth and metastases. Upregulation of chemotactic cytokine (CCL5) by MSCs within the tumor stroma has been shown(More)
BACKGROUND The importance and therapeutic value of stem cells in lymphangiogenesis are poorly understood. We evaluated the potential of human and murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to acquire a lymphatic phenotype in vitro and to enhance lymphatic regeneration in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the lymphendothelial differentiation of human and(More)
OBJECTIVE Based on previous animal experiments that suggest the plasticity of peripheral blood-derived, CD34(-) stem cell lines, the aim of this study was to isolate CD34(-) stem cell lines from human peripheral blood cells and obtain evidence of their multipotency and plasticity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adherent growing cells were isolated from peripheral(More)
The hematopoietic system of vertebrates can be completely reconstituted with hematopoietic stem cells derived from the bone marrow, fetal liver, or cord blood, or even from peripheral-blood-derived cells. A cellular marker to identify those cells is the proteoglycan CD34, although we have shown that the earliest identifiable hematopoietic stem cell is a(More)
Hematopoiesis occurs in the liver and the bone marrow (BM) during murine development. Newborn mice with a ubiquitous deletion of I kappa B alpha develop a severe hematological disorder characterized by an increase of granulocyte/erythroid/monocyte/macrophage colony-forming units (CFU-GEMM) and hypergranulopoiesis. Here, we report that this particular(More)
The homing and tissue-specific recruitment of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells is a major issue in stem cell research and therapy. Chemokine biology plays a central role in the homing and trafficking of leukocytes. Here we show functional expression of the chemokine receptors CCR1, CCR4, CCR7, CCR10, and CXCR5 on primary isolates of CD34- mesenchymal(More)