Learn More
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a mediator of host immunity and functions as a high, upstream activator of cells within the innate and the adaptive immunological systems. Recent studies have suggested a potentially broader role for MIF in growth regulation because of its ability to antagonize p53-mediated gene activation and apoptosis. To(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Reduced microcirculation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Stem cells or endothelial progenitor cells are thought to contribute to tissue regeneration through neoangiogenesis or vasculogenesis in ischemia- or inflammatory-related diseases. We therefore hypothesized that adult stem cells(More)
The hematopoietic system of vertebrates can be completely reconstituted with hematopoietic stem cells derived from the bone marrow, fetal liver, or cord blood, or even from peripheral-blood-derived cells. A cellular marker to identify those cells is the proteoglycan CD34, although we have shown that the earliest identifiable hematopoietic stem cell is a(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are rare progenitor cells that can be isolated from various tissues. They exhibit multilineage differentiation potential, support regenerative processes, and interact with various immune cells. Therefore, MSCs represent a promising tool for regenerative medicine. However, source-dependent and donor-dependent differences of(More)
Inflammatory diseases at epithelial borders develop from aberrant interactions between resident cells of the tissue and invading immunocytes. Here, we unraveled basic functions of epithelial cells and immune cells and the sequence of their interactions in an inflammatory skin disease. Ubiquitous deficiency of the IkappaBalpha protein (Ikba(Delta)(/Delta))(More)
Based on historical radiation experiments in rodents, the hematopoietic stem cell was defined by its biological properties and later by the expression of certain surface antigens (e.g., CD34), as well as the absence of lineage-specific markers (e.g., DR). Quite recently it was shown that hematopoietic reconstitution can also be achieved by CD34- stem cells,(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the efficacy of engineered mesenchymal stem cell based therapy directed towards pancreatic tumor stroma. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are actively recruited to tumor stroma where they enhance tumor growth and metastases. Upregulation of chemotactic cytokine (CCL5) by MSCs within the tumor stroma has been shown(More)
BACKGROUND The importance and therapeutic value of stem cells in lymphangiogenesis are poorly understood. We evaluated the potential of human and murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to acquire a lymphatic phenotype in vitro and to enhance lymphatic regeneration in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the lymphendothelial differentiation of human and(More)
Mammalian metaphase II (mII) exit and embryogenesis are induced at fertilisation by a signal thought to come from the sperm protein, phospholipase C-zeta (PLCZ1). Meiotic progression can also be triggered without sperm, as in parthenogenesis, although the classic mouse in vivo parthenogenetic model, LT/Sv, fails in meiosis I owing to an unknown molecular(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for cell therapy. Their therapeutic use requires extensive expansion to obtain a sufficiently high number of cells for clinical applications. State-of-the-art expansion systems, that is, primarily culture flask-based systems, are limited regarding scale-up, automation, and reproducibility. To(More)