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(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Figure 1: We solve the searchlight problem (a) using a Monte Carlo integration of dipoles distributed along either a normally incident (b) or oblique (c) beam. We can apply our hybrid approach to standard subsurface scattering (d) and also to more complex configurations using photon beams (e). Abstract We present photon beam diffusion,(More)
This paper introduces a technique for rendering animated grass in real time. The technique uses front-to-back compositing of implicitly defined grass slices in a fragment shader and therefore significantly reduces the overhead associated with common vegetation rendering systems. We also introduce a texture-based animation scheme that combines global wind(More)
This paper presents a new method to animate the interaction of a tree with wind both realistically and in real time. The main idea is to combine statistical observations with physical properties in two major parts of tree animation. First, the interaction of a single branch with the forces applied to it is approximated by a novel efficient two step(More)
We introduce a low-cost and compact spectral imaging camera design based on unmodified consumer cameras and a custom camera objective. The device can be used in a high-resolution configuration that measures the spectrum of a column of an imaged scene with up to 0.8 nm spectral resolution, rivalling commercial non-imaging spectrometers, and a mid-resolution(More)
We present a fast and compact representation of a skylight model for spherical harmonics lighting, especially for outdoor scenes. This representation allows dynamically changing the sun position and weather conditions on a per frame basis. We chose the most used model in real-time graphics, the Preetham skylight model, because it can deliver both realistic(More)
This paper presents a new shading model for real-time rendering of plant leaves that reproduces all important attributes of a leaf and allows for a large number of leaves to be shaded. In particular, we use a physically based model for accurate subsurface scattering on the translucent side of directly lit leaves. For real-time rendering of this model, we(More)
We propose a new method for the fast computation of light maps using a many-light global-illumination solution. A complete scene can be light mapped on the order of seconds to minutes, allowing fast and consistent previews for editing or even generation at loading time. In our method, virtual point lights are clustered into a set of virtual polygon lights,(More)
Irradiance normal mapping is a method to combine two popular techniques, light mapping and normal mapping, and is used in games such as Half-Life 2 or Halo 3. This combination allows using low-resolution light caching on surfaces with only a few coefficients which are evaluated by normal maps to render spatial high-frequency changes in the lighting. Though(More)
We address the problem of modeling and rendering granular materials---such as large structures made of sand, snow, or sugar---where an aggregate object is composed of many randomly oriented, but discernible grains. These materials pose a particular challenge as the complex scattering properties of individual grains, and their packing arrangement, can have a(More)