Ralf H. Bortfeldt

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The basidiomycete isolate b19, originally identified by morphological characteristics of the fruiting body as Nematoloma frowardii, efficiently produces manganese peroxidase (MNP) and is used for degradation of natural, persistent aromatic polymers (lignin, humic acids and brown coal components). The N. frowardii MNP has shown good activity in conversion of(More)
The investigation of spliceosomal processes is currently a topic of intense research in molecular biology. In the molecular mechanism of alternative splicing, a multi-protein-RNA complex - the spliceosome - plays a crucial role. To understand the biological processes of alternative splicing, it is essential to comprehend the biogenesis of the spliceosome.(More)
Leopard complex spotting is a group of white spotting patterns in horses caused by an incompletely dominant gene (LP) where homozygotes (LP/LP) are also affected with congenital stationary night blindness. Previous studies implicated Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, Subfamily M, Member 1 (TRPM1) as the best candidate gene for both CSNB and LP.(More)
Spliceosomes are macro-complexes involving hundreds of proteins with many functional interactions. Spliceosome assembly belongs to the key processes that enable splicing of mRNA and modulate alternative splicing. A detailed list of factors involved in spliceosomal reactions has been assorted over the past decade, but, their functional interplay is often(More)
This study focused on the dynamics of genome-wide effects on five milk production and eight fertility traits as well as genetic correlations between the traits. For 2,405 Holstein Friesian bulls, estimated breeding values (EBVs) were used. The production traits were additionally assessed in 10-day intervals over the first 60 lactation days, as this stage is(More)
In 28 chronic smokers (11 women, 17 men, 53 +/- 10 years old) with coronary artery disease (greater than 75% stenosis), left ventricular (LV) relaxation and filling behavior was assessed before and after inhalation of 0.9 mg nicotine (1 cigarette) by echocardiography. The following acute nicotine-mediated changes were noted (one-sided Wilcoxon test): heart(More)
Recently, we identified 6 genomic loci affecting daughter yield deviations (DYD) for somatic cell score (SCS) in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) performed with German Holstein bulls. In the current study, we tested if these loci were associated with SCS in cows using their own performance data. The study was performed with 1,412 German Holstein cows,(More)
The Berlin Fat Mouse Inbred (BFMI) line harbors a major recessive gene defect on chromosome 3 (jobes1) leading to juvenile obesity and metabolic syndrome. The present study aimed at the identification of metabolites that might be linked to recessively acting genes in the obesity locus. Firstly, serum metabolites were analyzed between obese BFMI and lean B6(More)
SUMMARY Human single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chips which are used in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) permit the genotyping of up to 4 million SNPs simultaneously. To date, about 1000 human SNPs have been identified as statistically significantly associated with a disease or another trait of interest. The identified SNP is not necessarily the(More)
Alternative splicing (AS) of pre-mRNAs in higher eukaryotes and several viruses is one major source of protein diversity. Usually, the following major subtypes of AS are distinguished: exon skipping, intron retention, and alternative 3' and 5' splice sites. Moreover, mutually exclusive exons (MXEs) represent a rare subtype. In the splicing of MXEs, two (or(More)