Ralf Glatthar

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A focused chemical optimization effort of compound 1 based on metabolite elucidation is described, resulting in 15i, a highly potent and selective mGlu5 receptor antagonist with an improved pharmacokinetic profile compared to 1. Characterization of 15i in vivo in the fear-potentiated startle (FPS) paradigm revealed a robust reduction of conditioned fear(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 7 (mGlu7) is an important presynaptic regulator of neurotransmission in the mammalian CNS. mGlu7 function has been linked to autism, drug abuse, anxiety, and depression. Despite this, it has been difficult to develop specific blockers of native mGlu7 signaling in relevant brain areas such as amygdala and limbic(More)
A convergent, enantioselective synthetic route to the natural product neocarzinostatin chromophore (1) is described. Synthesis of the chromophore aglycon (2) was targeted initially. Chemistry previously developed for the synthesis of a neocarzinostatin core model (4) failed in the requisite 1,3-transposition of an allylic silyl ether when applied toward the(More)
Macrophages are important cellular effectors in innate immune responses and play a major role in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Cancer Osaka thyroid (COT) kinase, also known as mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 8 (MAP3K8) and tumor progression locus 2 (Tpl-2), is a serine-threonine (ST) kinase and is a key regulator in the(More)
Cancer Osaka thyroid (COT) kinase is an important regulator of pro-inflammatory cytokines in macrophages. Thus, pharmacologic inhibition of COT should be a valid approach to therapeutically intervene in the pathogenesis of macrophage-driven inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. We report the discovery and chemical optimization of a novel(More)
High throughput screening led to the identification of nicotinamide derivative 2 as a structurally novel mGluR5 antagonist. Optimization of the modular scaffold led to the discovery of 16m, a compound with high affinity for mGluR5 and excellent selectivity over other glutamate receptors. Compound 16m exhibits a favorable PK profile in rats, robust(More)
[reaction: see text] A sequential solid-phase peptide synthesis was developed using both photolabile linker and protecting groups. The chromatic sequential lability between a tert-butyl ketone-derived linker (sensitive to irradiation at 305 nm) and a nitroveratryloxycarbonyl (NVOC) group (sensitive at 360 nm) was exploited to prepare Leu-Enkephalin in a 55%(More)
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