Ralf Frederik Claas

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Embryonic fibroblasts from S1P (sphingosine-1-phosphate) lyase-deficient mice [Sgpl1-/- MEFs (mouse embryonic fibroblasts)] are characterized by intracellular accumulation of S1P, elevated cytosolic [Ca2+]i and enhanced Ca2+ storage. Since S1P, produced by sphingosine kinase 2 in the nucleus of MCF-7 cells, inhibited HDACs (histone deacetylases) [Hait,(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) lyase irreversibly cleaves S1P, thereby catalysing the ultimate step of sphingolipid degradation. We show here that embryonic fibroblasts from S1P lyase-deficient mice (Sgpl1-/--MEFs), in which S1P and sphingosine accumulate, have features of Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) cells. In the presence of serum, overall cholesterol(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) acts as high affinity agonist at specific G-protein-coupled receptors, S1P(1-5), that play important roles e.g. in the cardiovascular and immune systems. A S1P receptor modulating drug, FTY720 (fingolimod), has been effective in phase III clinical trials for multiple sclerosis. FTY720 is a sphingosine analogue and prodrug of(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) regulates cell growth and survival, migration and adhesion in many cell types. S1P is generated by sphingosine kinases (SphKs), and dephosphorylated by phosphatases or cleaved by S1P lyase. Extracellular S1P activates specific G protein-coupled receptors while intracellular S1P can mobilize Ca2+ from thapsigargin-sensitive(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is an extra- and intracellular mediator that regulates cell growth, survival, migration, and adhesion in many cell types. S1P lyase is the enzyme that irreversibly cleaves S1P and thereby constitutes the ultimate step in sphingolipid catabolism. It has been reported previously that embryonic fibroblasts from S1P lyase-deficient(More)
Calcium channel antagonists (CCAs) have been proposed to prevent cardiac events after myocardial infarction (MI). However, unwanted effects, such as negative inotropy, limit their use in many cases. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of long-term treatment with the CCAs, mibefradil, verapamil, and amlodipine, administered before and after(More)
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