Ralf Fliegert

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ADP-ribosylation is a post-translational modification regulating protein function in which amino acid-specific ADP-ribosyltransferases (ARTs) transfer ADP-ribose from NAD onto specific target proteins. Attachment of the bulky ADP-ribose usually inactivates the target by sterically blocking its interaction with other proteins. P2X7, an ATP-gated ion channel(More)
The ectoenzyme CD38 catalyzes the production of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and ADP-ribose (ADPR) from its substrate, NAD(+). Both products of the CD38 enzyme reaction play important roles in signal transduction, as cADPR regulates calcium release from intracellular stores and ADPR controls cation entry through the plasma membrane channel TRPM2. We previously(More)
Stimulation of Jurkat T cells by high concentrations of concanavalin A (ConA) induced an elevation of the endogenous adenosine diphosphoribose (ADPR) concentration and an inward current significantly different from the Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ current (I(CRAC)). Electrophysiological characterization and activation of a similar current by infusion of ADPR(More)
Cellular migration is an essential prerequisite for metastatic dissemination of cancer cells. This study demonstrates that the neuron/testis-specific F-actin-targeted inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase-A (ITPKA) is ectopically expressed in different human tumor cell lines and during tumor progression in the metastatic tumor model Balb-neuT. High(More)
Fate decision processes of T lymphocytes are crucial for health and disease. Whether a T lymphocyte is activated, divides, gets anergic, or initiates apoptosis depends on extracellular triggers and intracellular signaling. Free cytosolic calcium dynamics plays an important role in this context. The relative contributions of store-derived calcium entry and(More)
cADPR [cyclic ADPR (ADP-ribose)], NAADP (nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate) and ADPR belong to the family of adenine-containing second messengers. They are metabolically related and are all involved in the regulation of cellular Ca(2+) homoeostasis. Activation of specific plasma membrane receptors is connected to cADPR formation in many cell(More)
P2X7 is a homotrimeric ion channel with two transmembrane domains and a large extracellular ATP-binding domain. It plays a key role in the response of immune cells to danger signals released from cells at sites of inflammation. Gating of murine P2X7 can be induced by the soluble ligand ATP, as well as by NAD(+)-dependent ADP-ribosylation of arginine 125, a(More)
The homotrimeric P2X7 purinergic receptor has sparked interest because of its capacity to sense adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) released from cells and to induce calcium signaling and cell death. Here, we examine the response of arginine mutants of P2X7 to soluble and covalently bound ligands. High concentrations of(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a ubiquitous second messenger providing a Ca(2+) trigger in a wide range of cell types. However, its metabolism is not well understood. Here, we demonstrate the presence of endogenous NAADP in HeLa cells. CD38, a promiscuous enzyme described to be involved in NAADP metabolism, was not detectable in(More)
cADPR (cyclic ADP-ribose) is a universal Ca(2+) mobilizing second messenger. In T-cells cADPR is involved in sustained Ca(2+) release and also in Ca(2+) entry. Potential mechanisms for the latter include either capacitative Ca(2+) entry, secondary to store depletion by cADPR, or direct activation of the non-selective cation channel TRPM2 (transient receptor(More)