Ralf Erich Gebhard

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A new continuous noninvasive blood pressure measurement device, the T-Line Tensymeter TL100 (Tensys Medical Inc., San Diego, CA, USA) which enables avoidance of arterial cannulation has been developed. We compared the values obtained using the T-Line values to simultaneous arterial line measurements in patients undergoing general anaesthesia with induced(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the hypothesis that manipulation of cardiac output (CO) with esmolol (Es) or ephedrine (E) affects the onset time of rocuronium. METHODS Following anesthesia induction, 33 patients received E (70 micro g kg-1), Es (500 micro g kg-1) or placebo (P) 30 s before rocuronium (0.6 mg kg-1) administration. Cardiac output was measured(More)
This study was designed to determine the effects of continuous femoral infusion (CFI) on total knee arthroplasty recovery. A total of 92 patients were distributed in 3 groups: Patients in group 1 received general anesthesia followed by patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine (n = 33), patients in group 2 received 3-in-1 and sciatic blocks followed(More)
BACKGROUND All modalities of anesthetic care, including conscious sedation, general, and regional anesthesia, have been used to manage earthquake survivors who require urgent surgical intervention during the acute phase of medical relief. Consequently, we felt that a review of epidemiologic data from major earthquakes in the context of urgent intraoperative(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Recent clinical trials suggest that subfascial (sometimes termed subepineural) injections result in faster block onset and success compared with conventional techniques. This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study measured and compared the 3-dimensional spread pattern and volume of perineural local anesthetic (LA) in(More)
BACKGROUND Electrocardiogram (ECG) guidance to confirm accurate positioning of central venous catheters (CVC), placed before surgery in the operating room, is rarely used in the United States. We designed this randomized, controlled trial to investigate whether the use of this technique impacts the accuracy of CVC placement. METHODS Patients in group ECG(More)
The 12 January 2010 earthquake that struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti caused >200,000 deaths, thousands of injuries requiring immediate surgical interventions, and 1.5 million internally displaced survivors. The earthquake destroyed or disabled most medical facilities in the city, seriously hampering the ability to deliver immediate life- and limb-saving(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW NSAIDs have served as analgesic, antiinflammatory, and antipyretic medicines for over a century. A novel class of NSAIDs, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, was introduced in 1999. All NSAIDs and aspirin inhibit active sites of cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2. Recent studies have demonstrated an important role of cyclooxygenase-2(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To survey American anesthesiology residency program directors to determine the availability and extent of training in peripheral nerve block techniques. DESIGN Survey questionnaire was mailed and faxed to 132 American anesthesiology residency program directors and followed up 4 weeks later with another mailing to nonresponders. SETTING(More)