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Tumors have been thought to initiate as avascular aggregates of malignant cells that only later induce vascularization. Recently, this classic concept of tumor angiogenesis has been challenged by the suggestion that tumor cells grow by co-opting preexisting host vessels and thus initiate as well-vascularized tumors without triggering angiogenesis. To(More)
Two hundred eight primary squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck have been analyzed with respect to the presence of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein, pRb. Of these, 23 tumors (11%) that preferentially localized to the tonsils revealed complete absence or dramatic reduction in the amount of pRb. Other cell cycle components, cyclin D1 and(More)
Tumor dormancy has important implications for early detection and treatment of cancer. Lack of experimental models and limited clinical accessibility constitute major obstacles to the molecular characterization of dormant tumors. We have developed models in which human tumors remain dormant for a prolonged period of time (>120 days) until they switch to(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the source of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hematoma fluid of patients suffering from chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) and to identify the level of gene expression of the pro-angiogenic factors angiopoietin 1 (ANG-1) and ANG-2 in hematoma membranes. Samples of venous blood, hematoma fluid, and outer(More)
Guidance molecules have attracted interest by demonstration that they regulate patterning of the blood vascular system during development. However, their significance during postnatal angiogenesis has remained unknown. Here, we demonstrate that endothelial cells of human malignant brain tumors also express guidance molecules, such as EphB4 and its ligand(More)
Cementoblasts are cells that produce, secrete and direct the production of cementum. Resorption lacunae occur in over 90% of teeth at the compression side of the periodontal ligament and might result in an irreversible loss of the original root length. We isolated and cultivated human primary cementoblasts and investigated their expression pattern(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) cells reportedly accumulate wild-type p53 exclusively in the cytoplasm. However, immunofluorescence assays with five different antibodies showed that p53 accumulates in the nucleus of up to 10% of NB cells. PAb1801 detected cytoplasmic 'punctate structures' which were also found in p53-null cells, rendering this antibody unsuitable for(More)
Destruction of existing tumor blood vessels may be achieved by targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling, which mediates not only endothelial cell proliferation but also endothelial cell survival. In this study, however, intravital microscopy failed to demonstrate that targeting of VEGFR-2 (by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor SU5416)(More)
p21(CIP1/WAF1) is an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases and, in normal tissues including squamous epithelia, has been associated with cell-cycle exit and differentiation. As shown in this pilot study, however, the majority of head-and-neck squamous-cell carcinomas (HNSCC) display aberrant p21(CIP1/WAF1) expression: of 42 tumors analyzed by(More)
Malignant gliomas remain incurable brain tumors because of their diffuse-invasive growth. So far, the genetic and molecular events underlying gliomagenesis are poorly understood. In this study, we have identified the receptor tyrosine kinase Axl as a mediator of glioma growth and invasion. We demonstrate that Axl and its ligand Gas6 are overexpressed in(More)