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BACKGROUND Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) in multiple neck arteries (polyarterial sCAD) is traditionally thought to represent a monophasic disorder suggesting nearly simultaneous occurrence of the various intramural hematomas. Its incidence ranges from 10 to 28%. The recurrence rate of sCAD in general over up to 8.6 years has been recorded to(More)
PURPOSE Fertility preservation methods are playing an increasing role in women up to the age of 40 years because of rising survival rates in those affected by cancer. However, balanced practical recommendations concerning all relevant fertility preservation, to support doctors in counselling and treating patients, are still rare. METHODS These(More)
OBJECTIVE To compile available studies using microembolic signal (MES) detection by transcranial Doppler sonography in varying sources of arterial brain embolism. We investigated prevalences of MES and whether MES detection is of proven use for risk stratification. METHOD Studies reporting prevalences of MES and the risk of cerebral ischemic events were(More)
AIMS The objective of the study was to establish an experimental model for the extracorporeal perfusion of the pig detrusor. In order to validate this model we examined some biochemical parameters and determined the effect of carbachol on the contractility of perfused female pig bladders. METHODS Twenty-six pig bladders were perfused with Krebs-Ringer(More)
Status epilepticus (SE) is a frequent neurological emergency requiring immediate treatment. Therapy usually requires intravenous anticonvulsive medication. Lacosamide is a novel anticonvulsant drug that is available as infusion solution. We describe seven patients with focal SE who were treated with intravenous Lacosamide. All patients in our case series(More)
BACKGROUND We performed a prospective study on patients with middle cerebral artery(MCA) ischemic stroke to evaluate the accuracy of perfusion-CT imaging(PCT) to predict the development of malignant brain infarction (MBI). METHODS 106 patients(women 37 %, mean age 65 years)underwent native cranial computed tomography (CCT), CT angiography(CTA) and PCT(More)
OBJECTIVE To make an ultrastructural comparison of superficial temporal artery (STA) biopsy specimens from patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) and controls. METHODS The authors used light microscopic examination of semithin sections and electron microscopic examination of ultrathin sections of STA biopsy specimens from patients(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical observations and electron microscopic investigation of skin biopsies demonstrated connective tissue abnormalities in a sizeable proportion of patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD), suggesting an unknown connective tissue disorder as a risk factor for sCAD. OBJECTIVE To evaluate in a case-control setting if(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The widespread preference of anticoagulants over antiplatelets in patients with cervical artery dissection (CAD) is empirical rather than evidence-based. Summary of Review- This article summarizes pathophysiological considerations, clinical experiences, and the findings of a systematic metaanalysis about antithrombotic agents in CAD(More)