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OBJECTIVE To compile available studies using microembolic signal (MES) detection by transcranial Doppler sonography in varying sources of arterial brain embolism. We investigated prevalences of MES and whether MES detection is of proven use for risk stratification. METHOD Studies reporting prevalences of MES and the risk of cerebral ischemic events were(More)
AIMS The objective of the study was to establish an experimental model for the extracorporeal perfusion of the pig detrusor. In order to validate this model we examined some biochemical parameters and determined the effect of carbachol on the contractility of perfused female pig bladders. METHODS Twenty-six pig bladders were perfused with Krebs-Ringer(More)
Status epilepticus (SE) is a frequent neurological emergency requiring immediate treatment. Therapy usually requires intravenous anticonvulsive medication. Lacosamide is a novel anticonvulsant drug that is available as infusion solution. We describe seven patients with focal SE who were treated with intravenous Lacosamide. All patients in our case series(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The widespread preference of anticoagulants over antiplatelets in patients with cervical artery dissection (CAD) is empirical rather than evidence-based. Summary of Review- This article summarizes pathophysiological considerations, clinical experiences, and the findings of a systematic metaanalysis about antithrombotic agents in CAD(More)
Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) is a common cause of stroke in patients below 55 years of age. Hereditary connective tissue disorders, including Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV, have been associated with sCAD and suprastructural abnormalities of both collagen fibrils and elastic fibers have been found by transmission electron microscopy in the(More)
Cervical artery dissection (CeAD), a mural hematoma in a carotid or vertebral artery, is a major cause of ischemic stroke in young adults although relatively uncommon in the general population (incidence of 2.6/100,000 per year). Minor cervical traumas, infection, migraine and hypertension are putative risk factors, and inverse associations with obesity and(More)
PURPOSE Fertility preservation methods are playing an increasing role in women up to the age of 40 years because of rising survival rates in those affected by cancer. However, balanced practical recommendations concerning all relevant fertility preservation, to support doctors in counselling and treating patients, are still rare. METHODS These(More)
BACKGROUND Poor knowledge of stroke symptoms within the general population might be responsible for significant delay between symptom onset and hospital admission in most stroke patients. METHODS We prospectively evaluated whether theoretical knowledge about stroke influenced time to admission among 102 consecutive acute stroke patients using standardized(More)
BACKGROUND Mapping of brain perfusion using bolus tracking methods is increasingly used to assess the amount and severity of cerebral ischemia in acute stroke. Using relative perfusion maps, however, it is difficult to identify the tissue at risk-maximum (TARM) of infarction with sufficient reliability and reproducibility. METHODS We analysed 76 perfusion(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the spectrum of genital and associated malformations in women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome using evaluated diagnostic procedures and the Vagina Cervix Uterus Adnex - associated Malformation classification system (VCUAM). METHODS 290 women with MRKH syndrome were clinically(More)