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Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of fumaric acid supplementation and buffering capacity of the diet on ileal and fecal digestibilities of CP, GE, and amino acids in early-weaned pigs. In two experiments, 12 pigs each were weaned at 14 d of age and fitted with a simple T-cannula at the distal ileum between 15 and 17 d of age. In both(More)
Previous studies have indicated that high concentrate feeding reduces the ruminal degradation of the mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OA) to the less-toxic ochratoxin alpha (Oalpha) in ruminants. This is due to a pH-induced decrease in ruminal protozoa and subsequent increasing transfer of OA into the systemic circulation. The present study investigated whether(More)
Although the flavonol quercetin is intensively investigated, our knowledge about its bioavailability and possible target organs is far from being complete. The aim of this study was to check the potential of quercetin to accumulate in various tissues after long-term dietary treatment compared with a single treatment with flavonol. Pigs ingested either a(More)
The mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OA) is a cause of endemic nephropathy in farm animals and humans. Reabsorption of OA along the nephron results from nonionic diffusion and by carrier-mediated mechanisms, indicating that urine alkalinization may help to accelerate OA excretion and thus reduce its toxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the(More)
The bioavailability of quercetin has been intensively investigated in monogastric species, but knowledge about its bioavailability in ruminants does not exist. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the bioavailability of quercetin in nonlactating cows equipped with indwelling catheters placed in one jugular vein after intraruminal and(More)
Ruminants are relatively resistant to the acutely toxic effects of ochratoxin A, due to extensive degradation of ochratoxin A to its less toxic metabolite ochratoxin alpha by rumen microorganisms. However, most estimates of the degradation capacity for ochratoxin A in ruminants are based on in vitro studies. In the current study, the metabolism of(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a nephro- and hepatotoxic mycotoxin that frequently contaminates food and feedstuffs. Although recent studies have indicated that OTA modulates renal gene expression, little is known regarding its impact on differential gene expression in the liver. Therefore a microarray study of the HepG2 liver cell transcriptome in response to OTA(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin mostly produced by Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium verrucosum, is a worldwide contaminant of food and feedstuff. OTA is nephrotoxic and a renal carcinogen in rodents. The underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms by which OTA exhibits its toxicity have yet not been fully clarified. In the present study the effects of(More)
The limitations of conventional anticoagulants have stimulated the development of new anticoagulants. The central position of factor Xa (FXa) at the junction of the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways in the coagulation cascade means that direct and indirect FXa inhibitors have increasingly changed antithrombotic strategies. FXa inhibitors potently and(More)
Ruminants are much less sensitive to ochratoxin A (OTA) than non-ruminants. The ruminal microbes, with protozoa being a central group, degrade the mycotoxin extensively, with disappearance half lives of 0.6-3.8 h. However, in some studies OTA was detected systemically when using sensitive analytical methods, probably due to some rumen bypass at proportions(More)