Ralf Baumann

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Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the reference treatment for biliary lithiasis, but the management strategy for common bile duct stones (CBDS) remains a subject of controversy in the absence of an established consensus. While conventional surgery remains the reference treatment for CBDS, minimally invasive techniques are becoming(More)
Chronic inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) may be attributed partly to increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate simultaneously the spontaneous release patterns of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine known to activate macrophages and T cells. In this study, we demonstrate that recombinant MIF delays apoptosis of neutrophils in vitro. MIF action is dose and time dependent as well as specific since it was abolished with a neutralizing anti-MIF antibody. MIF, like G-CSF, delayed(More)
Hypermanganesaemia is reported in patients on long-term parenteral nutrition. Deposition of manganese, giving high signal on T1-weighted images, may involve the basal ganglia. MRI in nine patients (mean age 51 years, range 31–75 years) on long-term parenteral nutrition (mean duration 30 months, range 6–126 months), demonstrated high signal in the anterior(More)
CD134 (OX40) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily expressed on activated T cells. Here, we show that human peripheral blood neutrophils express CD134. Activation of CD134 by soluble CD134 ligand (OX40 ligand/gp34) resulted in delayed caspase-3 activation and consequently in delayed neutrophil apoptosis in vitro. Moreover,(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by local overproduction of type 2 cytokines and tissue eosinophilia. Recent research suggests the involvement of additional cytokines such as IL-17, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL) 26/eotaxin-3, and CCL13/monocyte chemoattractant protein-4 (MCP-4) in its pathophysiology. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND Serum levels of IL-16, IL-33 and the decoy receptor of IL-33, soluble ST2, are elevated in allergic rhinitis. Recent studies show that IL-16, soluble ST2 or anti-IL-33 reduce type 2 cytokines (such as IL-5) and eosinophilia in murine models of allergic asthma or allergic rhinitis respectively. OBJECTIVE In this study, we studied the release of(More)
OBJECTIVE Emissions from a particular welding process, metal inert gas brazing of zinc-coated steel, induce an increase in C-reactive protein. In this study, it was investigated whether inflammatory effects could also be observed for other welding procedures. METHODS Twelve male subjects were separately exposed to (1) manual metal arc welding fumes, (2)(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND IL-31, a recently discovered member of the gp130/IL-6 cytokine family, is mainly expressed by human mast cells and T helper type 2 cells. IL-31 is a key trigger of atopic dermatitis. Recent studies also suggest a role of IL-31 in the pathogenesis of other allergic diseases including allergic rhinitis. In the present study we studied(More)
INTRODUCTION Accurate, simple and cost-effective diagnostic tests are needed for diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB). Serodiagnosis is attractive as it can be harnessed for point-of-care tests. METHODS We evaluated, in a blinded fashion, the sensitivity and specificity of serologic immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgA and/or IgM responses to Apa, heat shock(More)