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Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury has so far been investigated in various experimental models. A clinical transfer of experimental results is, however, problematic because of anatomical and physiological differences and also the inevitable simplification of experimental work. The choice of model must therefore be adapted to the clinical question to be(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular occlusion to prevent haemorrhage during liver resection causes ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Insights into the mechanisms of IR injury gathered from experimental models have contributed to the development of therapeutic approaches, some of which have already been tested in randomized clinical trials. METHODS The review was based(More)
BACKGROUND Because of its immunomodulatory action, the protease bromelain represents a novel strategy for the treatment of hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. A dose-response study was performed to investigate the effect of bromelain on liver function, microcirculation, and leukocyte-endothelium interactions in hepatic I/R injury. MATERIALS AND(More)
This study investigates the impact of rat strain on the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) focusing on morphological features and microcirculation. Male rats of Lewis, Wistar, and Sprague Dawley (n = 6 per strain and group) were randomized into a high-fat group which was fed with a special high-fat nutrition for a 3-week period and a(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the main cause of death among patients with cirrhotic liver disease, but little is known about mechanisms of cirrhosis associated carcinogenesis. We investigated the diagnostic impact of microRNA-200 (miR-200) family members as important epigenetic regulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to(More)
BACKGROUND The shortage of organ donors has led to the introduction of the Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP) to optimize the allocation of kidneys from elderly donors by age-matching. In the face of a rapidly aging population, identification of prognostic factors for kidney allograft survival within the ESP population will be of enormous significance. (More)
The purpose of our study was to develop suitable methods to quantify oxidative DNA lesions in the setting of transition metal-related diseases. Transition metal-driven Fenton reactions constitute an important endogenous source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In genetic diseases with accumulation of transition metal ions, excessive ROS production causes(More)
BACKGROUND Cytoprotective proteins, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), play a decisive role in ischemia-reperfusion injury during kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of heme oxygenase-1 on microcirculation and on ischemia-reperfusion injury in an isogenic kidney transplantation rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy(More)
Exposure to reactive oxygen species (ROS) can give rise to the formation of various DNA damage products. Among them, d(G[8-5 m]T) can be induced in isolated DNA treated with Fenton reagents and in cultured human cells exposed to γ-rays, d(G[8-5m]T) can be recognized and incised by purified Escherichia coli UvrABC nuclease. However, it remains unexplored(More)
BACKGROUND The regeneration capacity of cirrhotic livers might be affected by angiotensin-1 (AT1) receptors located on hepatic stellate cells (HSC). The effect of AT1 receptor blockade on microcirculation, fibrosis and liver regeneration was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 112 Lewis rats, cirrhosis was induced by repetitive intraperitoneal(More)