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A Phase I dose escalation and pharmacokinetic study of the alkylating cytotoxic agent treosulfan was conducted to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose and the dose-limiting toxicities in patients with advanced malignancies rescued by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Twenty-two patients (15 ovarian and 7 other carcinomas/lymphomas) with(More)
INTRODUCTION Inherent and acquired cisplatin resistance reduces the effectiveness of this agent in the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying this process may result in the development of novel agents to enhance the sensitivity of cisplatin. METHODS An isogenic model of cisplatin resistance was(More)
BACKGROUND Panobinostat, a pan-deacetylase inhibitor, overcomes imatinib resistance in preclinical models of gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST). Here we determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) of panobinostat in combination with imatinib (IM) for treatment of patients with refractory GIST. METHODS Following a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading cancer-related causes of death due to high chemo-resistance and fast metastasation. Nemorosone, a polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol, has recently been identified as a promising anticancer agent. Here, we examine its growth-inhibitory effects on pancreatic cancer cells. Based on(More)
Recent data suggest that expression of the membrane P170-glycoprotein (P-gp) may confer resistance to the topoisomerase-I-interactive agent topotecan. The present study describes the cellular effects of a new dihydropyridine analogue, PAK-200S, on P-gp-mediated resistance to topotecan in human breast and ovarian tumour cells. PAK-200S at a non-cytotoxic(More)
In this study, we investigated the kinetics of oxaliplatin-DNA adduct formation in white blood cells of cancer patients in relation to efficacy as well as oxaliplatin-associated neurotoxicity. Thirty-seven patients with various solid tumours received 130 mg m(-2) oxaliplatin as a 2-h infusion. Oxaliplatin-DNA adduct levels were measured in the first cycle(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) regulates a number of cellular processes and modulates cell death induction. cAMP levels are altered upon stimulation of specific G-protein-coupled receptors inhibiting or activating adenylyl cyclases. Opioid receptor stimulation can activate inhibitory Gi-proteins which in turn block adenylyl cyclase activity reducing cAMP. Opioids such(More)
Glioblastoma are the most frequent and malignant human brain tumors, having a very poor prognosis. The enhanced radio- and chemoresistance of glioblastoma and the glioblastoma stem cells might be the main reason why conventional therapies fail. The second messenger cyclic AMP (cAMP) controls cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Downregulation(More)
Intoxications with succinylcholine (SUX) lead to a potentially lethal respiratory paralysis, and forensic cases involving accidental or deliberate SUX-application have been reported. Detection of SUX as well as its metabolite succinylmonocholine (SMC) is difficult: both substances are analytically challenging, and the extremely short plasma half-life of SUX(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading cancer-related causes of death in the western world with an urgent need for new treatment strategies. Recently, hyperforin and nemorosone have been described as promising anti-cancer lead compounds. While hyperforin has been thoroughly investigated in vitro and in vivo, in vivo data for nemorosone are still missing.(More)
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