Raleigh O Jones

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Aspirin (salicylate) is a common drug and frequently used long term in the clinic. It has been well documented that salicylate can cause reversible hearing loss and tinnitus and diminish outer hair cell (OHC) electromotility, which is capable of actively boosting the basilar membrane vibration and producing acoustic emission. However, aspirin's ototoxic(More)
OBJECTIVES Peroxisome assembly disorders are genetic disorders characterized by biochemical abnormalities, including low docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The objective was to assess whether treatment with DHA supplementation would improve biochemical abnormalities, visual function, and growth in affected individuals. METHODS This was a randomized,(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative evaluation of cochlear implant candidate includes routine imaging to identify anatomic abnormalities that may preclude or complicate implantation, such as cochlear aplasia, absent/narrowed internal auditory canals, cochlear ossificans, or significant traumatic fracture. The aim of this study is to determine if preoperative imaging is(More)
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing is less sensitive in detecting small vestibular schwannomas than medium-size tumors. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more sensitive than ABR alone for small and large tumors, but it carries with it increased cost and issues of unavailability and patient discomfort. We conducted a prospective pilot study of 7(More)
Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing has gained popularity as a diagnostic modality in otolaryngology and audiology. To maximize the utility of this test, examiners need the availability of ideal test settings and reliable norms. We conducted a prospective study of 8 subjects with no history of neurotologic symptoms to examine the test-retest(More)
We report a case involving a 49-year-old woman with vascular loop syndrome. The patient was evaluated because of complaints of decreased hearing sensitivity in her right ear. Central auditory tests were performed. The patient was found to have an asymmetry on pure-tone audiometry and an auditory processing deficit, suggesting central pathology. Magnetic(More)
Lead poisoning disrupts many biological structures and functions, including those of the auditory system. This study examined the ototoxic effects of lead acetate (LA) and tetraethyl lead (TEL) of equal lead content on cochlear function and the ability of alpha-phenyl-tert-butyl-nitrone (PBN) to attenuate such effects. Baseline 1.0 microV cochlear(More)
Cell bodies within the periaqueductal grey (PAG) of the midbrain of the propofol-anaesthetized rat were stimulated using the excitotoxin kainic acid. This resulted in a rise in arterial blood pressure and a tachycardia, together with a reduction in the sensitivity and a rightward resetting of the baroreflex. These changes mimicked the cardiovascular effect(More)
This study was carried out in order to determine what factors control the differentiation of certain neural crest cells in the chick embryo. Emphasis was placed on the morphologically and biochemically divergent sensory and sympathetic pathways of differentiation. Embryos were precisely stage according to Hamburger & Hamilton (1951) and it was observed that(More)
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