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BACKGROUND There is a known association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF); however, how OSA affects the atrial myocardium is not well described. OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with OSA have an abnormal atrial substrate. METHODS Forty patients undergoing ablation of paroxysmal AF and in sinus rhythm (20 with OSA(More)
BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to establish the prevalence of, and the factors contributing towards, sleep disordered breathing in patients with quadriplegia. METHODS Forty representative quadriplegic patients (time since injury > 6 months, injury level C8 and above, Frankel category A, B, or C; mean (SE) age 35.0 (1.7) years) had home sleep studies(More)
Cardiac and respiratory rhythms reveal transient phases of phase-locking which were proposed to be an important aspect of cardiorespiratory interaction. The aim of this study was to quantify cardio-respiratory phase-locking in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We investigated overnight polysomnography data of 248 subjects with suspected OSA. Cardiorespiratory(More)
INTRODUCTION The National Asthma Campaign (NAC) was formed in 1990 as a coalition of the key professional organizations concerned with asthma and its management in Australia. It has conducted multifaceted educational activities targeting health care professionals, people with asthma, and the general public. Between November 1991 and March 1993, an(More)
Five cases of bovine tuberculosis occurred in a two year period in South Australia, which represents a higher incidence than in previous years. All five patients had a history of employment in an abattoir (although four different abattoirs were involved) and four of the cases had pulmonary or pleural TB. A voluntary survey of one of the abattoirs was(More)
The National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System received 1,076 tuberculosis (TB) notifications in 2004, of which 1,043 were new cases and 33 were relapses. The incidence of TB in Australia has remained at a stable rate since 1985 and was 5.4 cases per 100,000 population in 2004. The high-incidence groups remain people born overseas and Indigenous(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for hypertension, which is a major cause of stroke. The prevalence and associations of OSA in a cohort of stroke patients were studied. The safety and tolerability of early treatment with nasal continuous airways pressure (nCPAP) was also assessed. Consecutive subjects admitted with acute stroke(More)
The methylxanthine derivatives are known to have respiratory stimulant properties. To determine whether these drugs would improve obstructive sleep apnea, 10 male patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (Apnea Index greater than 15/h) were given infusions of aminophylline and a saline placebo on 2 separate nights a week apart, using a randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical guidelines for management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include recommendations based on high levels of evidence, but gaps exist in their implementation. The aim of this study was to examine the perspectives of medical practitioners regarding implementation of six high-evidence recommendations for the(More)