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The National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System received 1,076 tuberculosis (TB) notifications in 2004, of which 1,043 were new cases and 33 were relapses. The incidence of TB in Australia has remained at a stable rate since 1985 and was 5.4 cases per 100,000 population in 2004. The high-incidence groups remain people born overseas and Indigenous(More)
BACKGROUND There is a known association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF); however, how OSA affects the atrial myocardium is not well described. OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with OSA have an abnormal atrial substrate. METHODS Forty patients undergoing ablation of paroxysmal AF and in sinus rhythm (20 with OSA(More)
Cardiac and respiratory rhythms reveal transient phases of phase-locking which were proposed to be an important aspect of cardiorespiratory interaction. The aim of this study was to quantify cardio-respiratory phase-locking in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We investigated overnight polysomnography data of 248 subjects with suspected OSA. Cardiorespiratory(More)
Sleep disordered breathing is common in patients with tetraplegia. Nocturnal arterial hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation due to sleep apnoea may be associated with cognitive dysfunction. We therefore studied the influence of sleep disordered breathing on neuropsychological function in 37 representative tetraplegic patients (mean age 34 +/- 9.7 years). Thirty(More)
Symptomatic respiratory disturbance as a consequence of levodopa (L-dopa) therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD) has been described only rarely and may be underrecognized in clinical practice. We report on two patients with PD in whom the introduction or augmentation of L-dopa therapy was associated with the development of irregular and rapid breathing.(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended in the management of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but referral to this service is low. AIMS To identify barriers to, and facilitators for, referral to PR programmes from the perspective of Australian general practitioners. METHODS Semi-structured interviews were(More)
BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to establish the prevalence of, and the factors contributing towards, sleep disordered breathing in patients with quadriplegia. METHODS Forty representative quadriplegic patients (time since injury > 6 months, injury level C8 and above, Frankel category A, B, or C; mean (SE) age 35.0 (1.7) years) had home sleep studies(More)
INTRODUCTION The National Asthma Campaign (NAC) was formed in 1990 as a coalition of the key professional organizations concerned with asthma and its management in Australia. It has conducted multifaceted educational activities targeting health care professionals, people with asthma, and the general public. Between November 1991 and March 1993, an(More)
AIMS Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common condition associated with considerable morbidity, mortality and hospital admissions. However, published COPD management guidelines have major limitations and lack practical summaries. We aimed to optimally develop, implement, and evaluate a multidisciplinary COPD inpatient management 'ACCORD'(More)