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We studied the adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) from phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.4) to hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, supported by spectral simulation, allowed us to determine with high precision the amount of BSA adsorbed (surface coverage) and its structural(More)
Herein, we report our analysis of the surface modification of polystyrene (PS) when treated under ambient conditions with a common biological buffer such as phosphate buffered saline (PBS) or aqueous solutions of the ionic constituents of PBS. Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used for the analysis because the resultant(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations incorporating explicit gold atoms in the simulations have been carried out for alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers chemisorbed on the Au(III) surface. The structural properties of the monolayer are evaluated for two force fields: one in which the Au--S--C bond is fixed (FF I), and the other in which it is flexible (FF II).(More)
The efficiency of a pre-absorbed bovine serum albumin (BSA) layer in blocking the non-specific adsorption of different proteins on hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively using infrared reflection spectroscopy supported by spectral simulations. A BSA layer with a surface coverage of 35% of a close-packed monolayer(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Keywords: Three phase induction motor Bond graph Axis Rotator 'abc' model a b s t r a(More)
Surface characteristics of complex aluminosilicate minerals like spodumene [LiAl(SiO(3))(2)], jadeite [NaAl(SiO(3))(2)], feldspar [KAlSi(3)O(8)], and muscovite [K(2)Al(4)(Al(2)Si(6)O(20))(OH)(4)]) are modeled. Surface energies are computed for the cleavage planes of these minerals. Adsorption mechanisms of anionic chemisorbing type oleate and cationic(More)
Atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were employed to systematically investigate the effects of the molar ratio of the individual components cholesterol (CHOL), free fatty acid (FFA), and ceramides (CER) on the properties of the skin lipid bilayer over a wide temperature range (300-400 K). Several independent simulations were performed for bilayers(More)
Molecular level understanding of permeation of nanoparticles through human skin establishes the basis for development of novel transdermal drug delivery systems and design and formulation of cosmetics. Recent experiments suggest that surface coated nano-sized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can penetrate the rat and human skin. However, the mechanisms by which(More)
Stratum corneum (SC), the outer layer of skin, serves as a barrier for pathogens and maintains the trans-epidermal water loss. The lipid matrix of SC is the major diffusion-rate-limiting pathway as molecules will have to pass through it. Ceramides play a key role in structuring and maintaining the barrier function of the skin. In this study, atomistic(More)
Recent experimental studies suggest that nanosized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are able to penetrate into the deeper layer (epidermis and dermis) of rat and human skin. However, the mechanisms by which these AuNPs penetrate and disrupt the skin's lipid matrix are not well understood. In this study, we have used computer simulations to explore the(More)