Rakesh C. Sharma

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We have studied the effects of gamma-radiation on the frequency of methotrexate resistance and dihydrofolate reductase gene amplification. gamma-Irradiation of Chinese hamster ovary cells resulted in enhancement of the frequency of methotrexate resistant colonies (maximum enhancement: 2000-fold after 1000 rads). The enhancement of methotrexate resistance(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a transmembrane efflux pump encoded by the MDR1 gene, transports various lipophilic drugs that enter the cell by passive diffusion through the lipid bilayer. Pgp-expressing multidrug-resistant cell lines are not usually cross-resistant to a hydrophilic antifolate methotrexate (MTX). MTX enters cells primarily through a folate carrier,(More)
The membrane P-glycoprotein (P170) is an ATP-hydrolyzing transmembrane pump, and elevated levels of P170, due to higher expression with or without amplification of the multidrug resistance gene (mdr1), result in resistance to a variety of chemotherapeutic agents in mammalian cells. The function of the P170 pump has been proposed as a protection against(More)
We have studied cell lines of rodent and human origin for their propensity to become resistant to antifolates (methotrexate, trimetrexate), phosphonacetyl-L-aspartate (PALA), and colcemid, resistances associated with amplification of the DHFR, CAD, and MDR1 genes, respectively. We have employed two different methods: (1) a shallow step-wise selection(More)
Schiff bases derived from salicylaldehyde and 2-substituted aniline and their metal chelates with Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) ions were synthesized and screened for the antiinflammatory and antiulcer activity. The compound salicylidene anthranilic acid (SAA) was found to possess the antiinflammatory and antiulcer activity. The copper complexes showed an(More)
HeLaS3 cells undergo apoptosis after 18-24 h of cell cycle stasis irrespective of the agent employed (colcemid, aphidicolin, cis-platin). At high drug concentrations apoptosis occurs in cells arrested in the cell cycle in which the drug is applied and at a cell cycle position dependent on the mechanism of drug action. At low concentrations (or short(More)
Chinese hamster ovary (and many rodent cell lines) transiently delay mitosis and progress into a second cell cycle without undergoing cytokinesis when treated with Colcemid, whereas HeLaS3 (and most human cell lines) arrest permanently in mitosis. We have discussed these differences and their consequences for cell survival under cell cycle-perturbing(More)
Using strains of Escherichia coli K-12 that are deleted for the polA gene, we have reexamined the role of DNA polymerase I (encoded by polA) in postreplication repair after UV irradiation. The polA deletion (in contrast to the polA1 mutation) made uvrA cells very sensitive to UV radiation; the UV radiation sensitivity of a uvrA delta polA strain was about(More)