Rajpal S Kashyap

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BACKGROUND In May 2006, there was a large Chikungunya virus infection (CHIKV) outbreak in the Nagpur district of Maharashtra, a province in western India. Usually, CHIKV is a self-limiting febrile illness. However, neurological complications have been described infrequently. AIM To study the clinical characteristics of various neurological complications(More)
BACKGROUND Atherothrombotic diseases such as myocardial or cerebral infarction are serious consequences of the thrombus formed in blood vessels. Thrombolytic agents are used to dissolve the already formed clots in the blood vessels; however, these drugs have certain limitations which cause serious and sometimes fatal consequences. Herbal preparations have(More)
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the commonest form of neurotuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli (MTB). The diagnosis of TBM is often difficult. A reliable, cost-effective and rapid diagnostic test, which can be performed in any standard pathology laboratory, could be of help in the diagnosis of TBM. In the present study we measured the(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) remains problematic despite many new advanced diagnostic methods. A reliable and rapid diagnostic test, which could be performed in any standard pathology laboratory, would help to obtain definitive early diagnoses of TB. In the present study we describe a prospective evaluation for demonstrating Antigen (Ag) 85(More)
AIM The laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is particularly challenging. The aim of the present work is to develop an immunoassay for the diagnosis of TB infection, using synthetic peptides of antigen (Ag) 85 complex of M. tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv. METHODS Four peptides (7-10 amino acids long) corresponding(More)
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is one of the common clinical manifestations of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. It is difficult to diagnose due to a lack of rapid, sensitive, and specific tests. Newer methods, which are easy and reliable, are required to diagnose TBM at an early stage. Thus our aim was to evaluate the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique,(More)
Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is often difficult. A reliable, simple, and rapid diagnostic test that can be performed in any standard laboratory could be helpful in TBM diagnosis. In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (LAMP) was evaluated to rapidly detect and diagnose TBM infection and was compared to the performance of(More)
We compared the concentrations of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) with the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) in serial serum samples from improved and expired acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients to determine their prognostic usefulness. Blood from AIS patients (n = 17) admitted within 24 h of the onset of symptoms were(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation and inflammatory markers play an important role in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In an earlier study, we discovered a 120-kDa protein that was highly expressed in healthy participants, but either was not expressed or was barely expressed in AIS patients. The purpose of the present work was to isolate, characterize, and evaluate this(More)
SETTING Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offers great promise for the rapid, sensitive and specific diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). However, the isolation of DNA of high quantity and quality from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples is critical for successful PCR assays. OBJECTIVE To develop and use a single-tube method for the isolation of(More)