Rajnikanth Ayyathurai

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OBJECTIVES Ureteral access sheaths (UASs) are used to facilitate ureteroscopic procedures. Difficulties with use have been reported. Manufacturers have redesigned these devices to ameliorate these problems, including reinforcement of the sheath wall. This study compared reinforced (RUASs) and nonreinforced UASs (NRUASs) of the same manufacturer to determine(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is commonly performed for renal tumors that are not amenable to nephron sparing treatment. A number of techniques for intact specimen extraction are used. The development of incisional hernias from the extraction site is a known but infrequent delayed complication. We analyzed different extraction sites and risk(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate LRN as treatment for high risk patients. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is performed for renal tumors not amenable to nephron-sparing treatments. Indications are increasing to include higher risk patients including those with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) necessitating dialysis. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is considered standard of care for T1 renal tumors not amenable to nephron-sparing surgery. Indications are now expanding to include patients with T2 or T3 tumors. The purpose of this study is to evaluate LRN as a minimally invasive procedure for treatment of advanced stage renal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Recurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that presents as a solitary metastasis to the bladder is extremely rare. We report our experience with two patients who presented with hematuria within 1 year of their radical nephrectomy. Both patients underwent endoscopic resection of the tumor metastasis. One patient developed a metastasis in the head of pancreas(More)
BIRM is an anticancer herbal formulation from Ecuador. Previous study established its antitumor and antimetastatic activity against prostate cancer models. The activity of BIRM against human prostate cancer (PCa) cells was investigated to uncover its mechanism of antitumor activity. In androgen receptor (AR)-expressing PCa cells BIRM was 2.5-fold (250%)(More)
Neuroendocrine tumors occurring outside of the gastrointestinal tract or lungs are very few, and to find a primary neuroendocrine tumor of the infrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) is extremely rare. We present a case of a patient with a large, 7 × 4 cm neuroendocrine tumor of the IVC, where the IVC and renal veins were completely extirpated and not(More)
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