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The membrane bound guanylyl cyclase (GC) photoreceptor membrane GC1 (ROS-GCI) of photoreceptor cells synthesizes cGMP, the intracellular transmitter of vertebrate phototransduction. The activity of ROS-GCI is controlled by small Ca(2+)-binding proteins, named GC-activating proteins (GCAPs). We identified and characterized two short regulatory regions(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a peptide hormone that is released from atria and regulates a number of physiological processes, including steroidogenesis in adrenal cortex and testes. The parallel stimulation of membrane guanylate cyclase and corticosterone production in isolated fasciculata cells of rat adrenal cortex has supported the hypothesis of a(More)
The ROS-GC subfamily of membrane guanylate cyclases is at present represented by two members: ROS-GC1 and ROS-GC2. A unique functional feature of this subfamily is that it is intracellularly modulated in low Ca2+ concentration by calmodulin-like Ca(2+)-binding proteins termed GCAPs, 1 and 2, and the modulation is consistent with its linkage to(More)
This report defines the identity of a calcium-regulated membrane guanylate cyclase transduction system in the cilia of olfactory sensory neurons, which is the site of odorant transduction. The membrane fraction of the neuroepithelial layer of the rat exhibited Ca(2+)-dependent guanylate cyclase activity, which was eliminated by the addition of EGTA. This(More)
The mechanism by which the individual odor signals are translated into the perception of smell in the brain is unknown. The signal processing occurs in the olfactory system which has three major components: olfactory neuroepithelium, olfactory bulb, and olfactory cortex. The neuroepithelial layer is composed of ciliated sensory neurons interspersed among(More)
The relation between steroidogenesis induced by adrenocorticotropic hormone and the concentrations of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) was studied at different time intervals in isolated adrenal cells. Submaximal and supramaximal steroidogenic concentrations of the hormone did not cause detectable(More)
Almost three decades of research in the field of photoreceptor guanylate cyclases are discussed in this review. Primarily, it focuses on the members of membrane-bound guanylate cyclases found in the outer segments of vertebrate rods. These cyclases represent a new guanylate cyclase subfamily, termed ROS-GC, which distinguishes itself from the peptide(More)
Polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine specifically inhibit the PK 380--catalyzed phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF-2 alpha). Since te PK 380--dependent phosphorylation of eIF-2 alpha inhibits the initiation or protein synthesis, the possibility exists that the polyamines enhance protein synthesis by inhibiting the(More)
In contrast to the membrane guanylate cyclases which are stimulated by extracellular ligands, rod outer segment membrane guanylate cyclase (ROS-GC) activity is modulated intracellularly by calcium in two ways: one, where it is inhibited, and the other, where it is stimulated. The former way is linked to the phototransduction, and physiology of the second is(More)
An endogenous polysomal cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase specifically phosphorylates a 150,000-dalton peptide bound to an adrenocortical polyadenylated messenger ribonucleoprotein complex. There is a possibility that this protein is a physiological substrate of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and that the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of this(More)