Rajkumar S. Radder

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Stress experienced by a reproducing female can substantially affect the morphology, behavior, and physiology (and hence fitness) of her offspring. In addition, recent studies demonstrate that stress hormones (corticosterone) influence sex determination of embryos. To explore these issues, we manipulated corticosterone levels in eggs of two Australian lizard(More)
An individual's sex depends upon its genes (genotypic sex determination or GSD) in birds and mammals, but reptiles are more complex: some species have GSD whereas in others, nest temperatures determine offspring sex (temperature-dependent sex determination). Previous studies suggested that montane scincid lizards (Bassiana duperreyi, Scincidae) possess both(More)
Annual changes in gonadal activity and plasma sex steroid hormone levels in male and female Calotes versicolor [plasma testosterone (T) levels in males and 17 beta-estradiol (E(2)) and progesterone (P) levels in females] are described. In females both plasma E(2) (32.80 +/- 12.91 pg/ml) and P (1.72 +/- 0.79 ng/ml) levels are at their low levels during the(More)
Current paradigms may substantially underestimate the complexity of reptilian sex determination. In previous work, we have shown that the sex of a hatchling lizard (Bassiana duperreyi, Scincidae) does not depend entirely on its genes (XX versus XY sex chromosomes); instead, low nest temperatures can override genotype to produce XX as well as XY males. Our(More)
The eggs of birds and reptiles contain detectable levels of several steroid hormones, and experimental application of such steroids can reverse genetically determined sex of the offspring. However, any causal influence of maternally derived yolk steroids on sex determination in birds and reptiles remains controversial. We measured yolk hormones(More)
During the past decade, maternally derived steroid hormones in the egg yolk of oviparous vertebrates have been the focus of attention for their possible role in sex determination and hence, information on the consequences of maternal egg yolk steroids on sex determination has accumulated rapidly in reptiles and birds. Until recently, the observations were(More)
The eggs of birds typically hatch after a fixed (but lineage-specific) cumulative number of heart beats since the initiation of incubation. Is the same true for non-avian reptiles, despite wide intraspecific variation in incubation period generated by variable nest temperatures? Non-invasive monitoring of embryo heart beat rates in one turtle species(More)
In most natural environments, food availability varies unpredictably through space and time, and growth rates of individual organisms respond accordingly. However, growth rates are not necessarily a simple function of current nutritional conditions: growth rates can be affected by earlier nutritional experience as well as current circumstances. Thus, even a(More)
The lizard Calotes versicolor delays oviposition of oviductal eggs for as long as 6 months or more under unfavourable conditions. During this period of prolonged egg retention, the growth of oviductal embryos is arrested at stage 34. The present study shows for the first time among reptiles that the "embryonic diapause" is manifested by the gravid females(More)
The optimal division of resources into offspring size vs. number is one of the classic problems in life-history evolution. Importantly, models that take into account the discrete nature of resource division at low clutch sizes suggest that the variance in offspring size should decline with increasing clutch size according to an invariant relationship. We(More)