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This review describes our current understanding of the "traffic lights" that regulate sulfur flow through the methionine bionetwork in liver, which supplies two major homeostatic systems governing cellular methylation and antioxidant potential. Theoretical concepts derived from mathematical modeling of this metabolic nexus provide insights into the(More)
Multivalent binding allows high selectivity and affinity in a ligand-protein interaction. The N-end rule pathway is a ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent proteolytic system in which specific E3s, called N-recognins, mediate ubiquitylation through the recognition of types 1 and 2, destabilizing N-terminal residues of substrates. We recently identified a set of E3 Ub(More)
In the N-end rule pathway, a set of N-terminal amino acids, called N-degrons, are recognized and ubiquitinated by the UBR proteins. Here we examined various N-end rule inhibitors to identify essential structural components of the system. Our study using in vitro biochemical assay indicated that the l-conformation and protonated α-amino group of the first(More)
In the present article, we report the in vitro and in vivo delivery of doxorubicin using biosynthesized gold nanoparticles (b-Au-PP). Gold nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple, fast, efficient, environmentally friendly and economical green chemistry approach using an extract of Peltophorum pterocarpum (PP) leaves. Because the biosynthesized b-Au-PP(More)
Homocysteine is a key junction metabolite in methionine metabolism. It suffers two major metabolic fates: transmethylation catalyzed by methionine synthase or betaine homocysteine methyl transferase and transsulfuration catalyzed by cystathionine beta-synthase leading to cystathionine. The latter is subsequently converted to cysteine, a precursor of(More)
Dexamethasone (Dex) is one of the highly potent synthetic glucocorticoids. It exhibits prominent anti-inflammatory but moderate anti-proliferative activities. It is widely used along side chemotherapy to alleviate toxic side effects. Additionally, Dex is also a potent inducer of gluconeogenesis. However, its overuse critically desensitizes cells against(More)
We propose a simple mathematical model of liver S -adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) metabolism. Analysis of the model has shown that AdoMet metabolism can operate under two different modes. The first, with low metabolic rate and low AdoMet concentration, serves predominantly to supply the cell with AdoMet, the substrate for various cellular methylation(More)
Certain human malignancies including prostate cancer overexpress sigma receptor, a membrane bound protein that binds haloperidol and various other neuroleptics with high affinity. An anisamide derivatized ligand possesses high affinity for sigma receptors and we hypothesized that its incorporation into the liposomes encapsulating doxorubicin (DOX) can(More)