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Homocysteine is a key junction metabolite in methionine metabolism. It suffers two major metabolic fates: transmethylation catalyzed by methionine synthase or betaine homocysteine methyl transferase and transsulfuration catalyzed by cystathionine beta-synthase leading to cystathionine. The latter is subsequently converted to cysteine, a precursor of(More)
Multivalent binding allows high selectivity and affinity in a ligand-protein interaction. The N-end rule pathway is a ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent proteolytic system in which specific E3s, called N-recognins, mediate ubiquitylation through the recognition of types 1 and 2, destabilizing N-terminal residues of substrates. We recently identified a set of E3 Ub(More)
This review describes our current understanding of the "traffic lights" that regulate sulfur flow through the methionine bionetwork in liver, which supplies two major homeostatic systems governing cellular methylation and antioxidant potential. Theoretical concepts derived from mathematical modeling of this metabolic nexus provide insights into the(More)
In the present article, we report the in vitro and in vivo delivery of doxorubicin using biosynthesized gold nanoparticles (b-Au-PP). Gold nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple, fast, efficient, environmentally friendly and economical green chemistry approach using an extract of Peltophorum pterocarpum (PP) leaves. Because the biosynthesized b-Au-PP(More)
In the N-end rule pathway, a set of N-terminal amino acids, called N-degrons, are recognized and ubiquitinated by the UBR proteins. Here we examined various N-end rule inhibitors to identify essential structural components of the system. Our study using in vitro biochemical assay indicated that the l-conformation and protonated α-amino group of the first(More)
Building molecular correlates of drug resistance in cancer and exploiting them for therapeutic intervention remains a pressing clinical need. To identify factors that impact drug resistance herein we built a model that couples inherent cell-based response toward drugs with transcriptomes of resistant/sensitive cells. To test this model, we focused on a(More)
We propose a simple mathematical model of liver S -adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) metabolism. Analysis of the model has shown that AdoMet metabolism can operate under two different modes. The first, with low metabolic rate and low AdoMet concentration, serves predominantly to supply the cell with AdoMet, the substrate for various cellular methylation(More)
Dexamethasone (Dex) is one of the highly potent synthetic glucocorticoids. It exhibits prominent anti-inflammatory but moderate anti-proliferative activities. It is widely used along side chemotherapy to alleviate toxic side effects. Additionally, Dex is also a potent inducer of gluconeogenesis. However, its overuse critically desensitizes cells against(More)
Breast cancer is the leading cause of malignancies among women globally. The triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype is the most difficult to treat and accounts for 15% of all cases. Targeted therapies have been developed for TNBC but come short of clinical translation due to acquired tumor resistance. An effective therapy against TNBC must combine(More)