Rajkishor Rai

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Designed octapeptides Boc-Leu-Val-Val-Aib-(D)Xxx-Leu-Val-Val-OMe ((D)Xxx = (D)Ala, 3a;(D)Val, 3c and (D)Pro, 5a) and Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-Aib-(D)Ala-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (3b) have been investigated to construct models of a stable type I' beta-turn nucleated hairpin and to generate systems for investigating helix-hairpin conformational transitions. Peptide 5a, which(More)
The crystallographic observation of a hydrophobic, empty channel (diameter approximately 5.2 A) in the peptide Boc-(D)Pro-Aib-Leu-Aib-Val-OMe, prompted the investigation of the analog Boc-(D)Pro-Aib-Val-Aib-Val-OMe in which the side chain at position 3 was shortened, resulting in the structure of a channel (diameter approximately 7.5 A) containing a(More)
The construction of a designed beta-hairpin structure, containing a central three-residue loop has been successfully achieved in the synthetic nonapeptide Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-(D)Pro-(L)Pro-(D)Ala-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (2). The design is based on expanding the two-residue loop established in the peptide beta-hairpin Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-(D)Pro-(L)Pro-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (1).(More)
Diproline segments have been advanced as templates for nucleation of folded structure in designed peptides. The conformational space available to homochiral and heterochiral diproline segments has been probed by crystallographic and NMR studies on model peptides containing L-Pro-L-Pro and D-Pro-L-Pro units. Four distinct classes of model peptides have been(More)
The effect of incorporation of a centrally positioned Ac(6)c-Xxx segment where Xxx = (L)Val/(D)Val into a host oligopeptide composed of l-amino acid residues has been investigated. Studies of four designed octapeptides Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-Ac(6)c-Xxx-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (Xxx = (D)Val 1, (L)Val 2) Boc-Leu-Val-Val-Ac(6)c-Xxx-Leu-Val-Val-OMe (Xxx = (D)Val 3, (L)Val 4)(More)
Cross strand aromatic interactions between a facing pair of phenylalanine residues in antiparallel β-sheet structures have been probed using two structurally defined model peptides. The octapeptide Boc-LFV(D)P(L)PLFV-OMe (peptide 1) favors the β-hairpin conformation nucleated by the type II' β-turn formed by the (D)Pro-(L)Pro segment, placing Phe2 and Phe7(More)
The crystal structures of several designed peptide hairpins have been determined in order to establish features of molecular conformations and modes of aggregation in the crystals. Hairpin formation has been induced using a centrally positioned (D)Pro-Xxx segment (Xxx = (L)Pro, Aib, Ac6c, Ala; Aib = α-aminoisobutyric acid; Ac6c =(More)
The effect of N-terminal diproline segments in nucleating helical folding in designed peptides has been studied in two model sequences Piv-Pro-Pro-Aib-Leu-Aib-Phe-OMe (1) and Boc-Aib-Pro-Pro-Aib-Val-Ala-Phe-OMe (2). The structure of 1 in crystals, determined by X-ray diffraction, reveals a helical (alphaR) conformation for the segment residues 2 to 5,(More)
The beta turn segment in designed peptide hairpins has been expanded by the insertion of beta-, gamma- and delta-amino acids at the i+2 position. The model octapeptides Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-DPro-Ac6c-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (1), Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-DPro-beta3-Ac6c-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (2), and Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-DPro-Gpn-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (3) have been shown to adopt beta hairpin(More)
Melanin and related polydopamine hold great promise; however, restricted fine-tunabilility limits their usefulness in biocompatible applications. In the present study, by taking a biomimetic approach, we synthesize peptide-derived melanin with a range of physicochemical properties. Characterization of these melanin polymers indicates that they exist as(More)