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OBJECTIVE Familial autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions in the brain linked to 17q21-22 recently has been reported to carry null mutations in the progranulin gene (PGRN). Hereditary dysphasic disinhibition dementia (HDDD) is a frontotemporal dementia with prominent changes in behavior and language(More)
Nonmotor symptoms occur commonly in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and are frequently under-recognized and undertreated. Symptoms include sleep abnormalities, fatigue, autonomic disturbances, mood disorders and cognitive dysfunction. Early recognition and treatment of nonmotor symptoms in PD is critical to providing optimal management. A new screening(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that postural instability and cognitive decline in patients with Richardson’s syndrome could be a consequence of reduced thalamic and frontal metabolism. Severe Parkinsonian signs in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy-parkinsonism may be reflected by alterations in putaminal metabolism. METHODS Eleven patients with(More)
BACKGROUND A proportion of patients who meet the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Associations criteria for Alzheimer disease (AD) have frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) confirmed at autopsy, with or without concomitant AD. Thus, the clinical phenotypes of the(More)
Hereditary dysphasic disinhibition dementia (HDDD) describes a familial disorder characterized by personality changes, and language and memory deficits. The neuropathology includes frontotemporal lobar atrophy, neuronal loss and gliosis and, in most cases, abundant Abeta plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). A Pick/Alzheimer's spectrum was proposed(More)
Major discoveries have been made in the recent past in the genetics, biochemistry and neuropathology of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43), encoded by the TARDBP gene, has been identified as the major pathological protein of FTLD with ubiquitin-immunoreactive (ub-ir) inclusions (FTLD-U) with or without amyotrophic(More)
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is the most common atypical parkinsonian syndrome comprising two main clinical subtypes: Richardson's syndrome (RS), characterized by prominent postural instability, supranuclear vertical gaze palsy and frontal dysfunction; and PSP-parkinsonism (PSP-P) which is characterized by an asymmetric onset, tremor and moderate(More)
Magnetically and electrically elicited blink reflexes were studied in 11 normal subjects and in 5 patients with partial peripheral facial nerve palsy. Both methods were able to elicit a reproducible blink reflex. In both groups the latencies of the magnetically elicited reflexes were equal to those that followed electrical stimulation. The magnetic(More)
We studied corticobulbar influence on the orbicularis oris (OR) muscles by anodal and magnetic transcranial stimulation and compared it to the corticospinal influence on first dorsal interosseous muscles of healthy human volunteers. We recorded single motor unit (MU) responses and applied peristimulus time histogram (PSTH) technique to determine their(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disorder of motor neuron degeneration with unclear etiology and no effective treatment to date. ALS is, however, increasingly recognized as a multisystem disorder associated with impaired cognition. The overlap between ALS and dementia at clinical, genetic and neuropathologic levels indicates a spectrum of(More)