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When humans voluntarily and maximally contract a muscle under isometric conditions, the average firing rate of motor units decreases from an initially high value over several tens of seconds. The mechanisms underlying the rate reduction are probably manifold. One mechanism could involve changes in the motoneuron afterhyperpolarization, another reflex(More)
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus often develop thrombosis, recurrent abortion, thrombocytopenia and neurological disease, in association with serum antibodies against phospholipids, termed the secondary antiphospholipid syndrome. In our search for an animal model for the human antiphospholipid syndrome, we examined the MRL-1pr/pr mouse, which(More)
Experiments were conducted to establish a persistent Salmonella typhimurium infection in convalescent swine, and to determine rate of shedding and distribution of the organism in internal organs. Naturally farrowed Salmonella-free pigs (n = 37) were orally exposed to S typhimurium when 7 to 8 weeks old. Fecal samples, tonsillar scrapings, and rectal swab(More)
Experiments were conducted to determine comparative populations of Salmonella typhimurium in the most commonly infected body organs of long-term carrier swine. Naturally farrowed Salmonella-free pigs (n = 58) were orally exposed to S typhimurium when they were 47 days old. Necropsy of 3 to 5 randomly selected pigs was conducted at 3, 7, 10, 14, and 17 days(More)
An experiment was conducted to determine whether a persistent Salmonella newport infection could be established in swine, to determine duration of shedding and distribution of the organism in internal organs, and to determine whether changes occurred in antimicrobial susceptibility or plasmid profile of the organism during the course of long-term infection.(More)
In contrast to cholera enterotoxin and other Escherichia coli enterotoxins, a pig-specific, heat-stable E. coli enterotoxin (STb) causes morphologic lesions (loss of villous epithelial cells and partial villous atrophy). These lesions reflect a loss of absorptive cells and thus suggest that STb causes impaired absorption as well as inducing net secretion.(More)
To find a genetic basis for differential ability to survive severe hemorrhage, we previously showed eightfold differences in survival times among inbred rat strains. We assumed that rat strains had similar normalized blood volumes (NBV; ml/100 g body wt). As NBV might vary among strains and constitute one genetic variable affecting survival time to(More)
Articular cartilage degeneration in the middle carpal joint is a common problem in racing horses. This study evaluated the effect of exercise on the in-vitro synthesis of the large aggregating proteoglycans (aggrecan) and two small proteoglycans, biglycan and decorin, in articular cartilage taken from three weight bearing regions of the third carpal bone of(More)
Culture supernates from two strains of E. coli were placed into different ligated intestinal sections (loops) of each animal. The two bacterial strains were identical except that one contained a plasmid carrying the heat-stable toxin b (STb) gene, while the other did not. Morphometric techniques were used to assess villous epithelial surface areas and(More)
Severe hemorrhage due to trauma is a major cause of death throughout the world. It has often been observed that some victims are able to withstand hemorrhage better than others. For decades investigators have attempted to identify physiological mechanisms that distinguish survivors from nonsurvivors for the purpose of providing more informed therapies. As(More)