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Faithful segregation of replicated chromosomes is essential for maintenance of genetic stability and seems to be monitored by several mitotic checkpoints. Various components of these checkpoints have been identified in mammals, but their physiological relevance is largely unknown. Here we show that mutant mice with low levels of the spindle assembly(More)
Abiotic stress causes diverse biochemical and physiological changes in plants and limits crop productivity. Plants respond and adapt to such stress by altering their cellular metabolism and activating various defense machineries. To understand the molecular basis of stress tolerance in plants, we have developed differential proteomes in a hardy legume,(More)
Successful translation of the use of nanoparticles from laboratories to clinics requires exhaustive and elaborate studies involving the biodistribution, clearance, and biocompatibility of nanoparticles for in vivo biomedical applications. We report here the use of multimodal organically modified silica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles for in vivo bioimaging,(More)
Inactivating mutations of the SOST (sclerostin) gene are associated with overgrowth and sclerosis of the skeleton. To determine mechanisms by which increased amounts of calcium and phosphorus are accreted to enable enhanced bone mineralization in the absence of sclerostin, we measured concentrations of calciotropic and phosphaturic hormones, and urine and(More)
Drug abuse is a worldwide health concern in which addiction involves activation of the dopaminergic signaling pathway in the brain. Here, we introduce a nanotechnology approach that utilizes gold nanorod-DARPP-32 siRNA complexes (nanoplexes) that target this dopaminergic signaling pathway in the brain. The shift in the localized longitudinal plasmon(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) maturation plays a central role in regulating immunity. We show that glucocorticoid and 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) agonists modulate DCs via distinct and additive signaling pathways. Phenotypic and functional indices were examined in DCs treated with dexamethasone (DEX) and/or a 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) analog (D(3) analog). DEX potently(More)
Depressed cell-mediated immunity in human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) (also known as kala-azar), revealed as the inability of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to respond to Leishmania antigen, remains a hallmark of and is thought to underlie the progressive nature of this disease. We recently reported the ability of a whole-blood, gamma interferon(More)
Phosphate ions are critical for normal bone mineralization, and phosphate plays a vital role in a number of other biological processes such as signal transduction, nucleotide metabolism, and enzyme regulation. The study of rare disorders associated with renal phosphate wasting has resulted in the discovery of a number of proteins [fibroblast growth factor(More)
The mechanisms by which phosphorus homeostasis is preserved in mammals are not completely understood. We demonstrate the presence of a mechanism by which the intestine detects the presence of increased dietary phosphate and rapidly increases renal phosphate excretion. The mechanism is of physiological relevance because it maintains plasma phosphate(More)