Rajikala Suganthan

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Maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is essential for the formation of a new individual, but is still poorly understood despite recent progress in analysis of gene expression and DNA methylation in early embryogenesis. Dynamic histone modifications may have important roles in MZT, but direct measurements of chromatin states have been hindered by technical(More)
Ogg1 and Mutyh DNA glycosylases cooperate to prevent mutations caused by 8-oxoG, a major premutagenic DNA lesion associated with cognitive decline. We have examined behavior and cognitive function in mice deficient of these glycosylases. Ogg1(-/-)Mutyh(-/-) mice were more active and less anxious, with impaired learning ability. In contrast, Mutyh(-/-) mice(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation are required to replace damaged neurons and regain brain function after hypoxic-ischemic events. DNA base lesions accumulating during hypoxic-ischemic stress are removed by DNA glycosylases in the base-excision repair pathway to prevent cytotoxicity and mutagenesis. Expression of the DNA(More)
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of neural stem cells (NSCs) is vulnerable to oxidation damage. Subtle manipulations of the cellular redox state affect mtDNA integrity in addition to regulating the NSC differentiation lineage, suggesting a molecular link between mtDNA integrity and regulation of differentiation. Here we show that 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed as natural byproducts during aerobic metabolism and readily induce premutagenic base lesions in the DNA. The 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) and MutY homolog 1 (MYH) synergistically prevent mutagenesis and cancer formation in mice. Their localization in the mitochondria as well as in the nucleus suggests that(More)
Accumulation of oxidative DNA damage has been proposed as a potential cause of age-related cognitive decline. The major pathway for removal of oxidative DNA base lesions is base excision repair, which is initiated by DNA glycosylases. In mice, Neil3 is the main DNA glycosylase for repair of hydantoin lesions in single-stranded DNA of neural stem/progenitor(More)
7,8-Dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is one of the most common oxidative base lesions in normal tissues induced by a variety of endogenous and exogenous agents. Hydantoins are products of 8-oxoG oxidation and as 8-oxoG, they have been shown to be mutagenic lesions. Oxidative DNA damage has been implicated in the etiology of various age-associated pathologies,(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury of the heart generates reactive oxygen species that oxidize macromolecules including mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) works synergistically with MutY DNA glycosylase (MYH) to maintain mtDNA integrity. Our objective was to study the functional outcome of lacking the repair enzymes OGG1 and(More)
The detailed mechanisms of prion-induced neurotoxicity are largely unknown. Here, we have studied the role of DNA damage caused by reactive oxygen species in a mouse scrapie model by characterizing prion disease in the ogg1(-/-)mutyh(-/-) double knockout, which is compromised in oxidative DNA base excision repair. Ogg1 initiates removal of the major(More)