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BACKGROUND Subanesthetic doses of (R,S)-ketamine are used in the treatment of neuropathic pain and depression. In the rat, the antidepressant effects of (R,S)-ketamine are associated with increased activity and function of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR); however, (R,S)-ketamine is extensively metabolized and the contribution of its metabolites to(More)
Western blot analysis demonstrated that PC-12 cells express monomeric and dimeric forms of serine racemase (m-SR, d-SR) and that 1321N1 cells express m-SR. Quantitative RT-PCR and functional studies demonstrated that PC-12 cells express homomeric and heteromeric forms of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) while 1321N1 cells primarily express the(More)
p53-dependent G(1) and G(2) cell cycle checkpoints are activated in response DNA damage that help to maintain genomic stability. p53 also helps to protect cells from damage that occurs during S phase, for example, when the cells are starved for DNA precursors or irradiated with a low dose of UV. p53 is activated in normal cells starved for pyrimidine(More)
To facilitate studies of hormonal control in the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.), a cDNA for a honeybee homologue of the ecdysteroid-regulated gene E74 (AmE74) was isolated and its expression was analysed. Northern blot analysis indicated strong expression in the adult queen abdomen, and no significant expression in the adult drone and worker abdomens. In situ(More)
Virtually all human cancers encounter disruption of the "p53 network." From a therapeutic point of view, it is important to devise strategies that eliminate cancer cells, which are often defective in functional p53 and protect p53-expressing normal cells. By comparing the response of a pair of isogenic cell lines, we identify a plant-derived compound,(More)
We report on a novel protocol involving iridium 192 high-dose-rate brachytherapy and follow-up of up to 130 months in patients with prostatic carcinoma. Using regional anesthesia, five to seven hollow needles are placed within the prostate by perineal puncture under ultrasound guidance. A 9-Gy prostate dose is applied followed by 30 min of hyperthermia(More)
We used a cDNA microarray to identify genes expressed in a caste (worker)- and division of labor (nurse bees or foragers)-dependent manner in the honeybee brain. Among the identified genes, one encoded a putative orphan receptor (HR38) homologue that mediates ecdysteroid-signaling. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction indicated that(More)
The effects of gabapentin (GBP) and (S)-pregabalin (PGB) on the intracellular concentrations of d-serine and the expression of serine racemase (SR) in PC-12 cells were determined. Intracellular d-serine concentrations were determined using an enantioselective capillary electrophoresis assay with laser-induced fluorescence detection. Increasing(More)
The biogenic amine octopamine (OA) is involved in the regulation of honey bee behavioral development; brain levels are higher in foragers than bees working in the hive, especially in the antennal lobes, and treatment causes precocious foraging. We measured brain mRNA and protein activity of tyramine beta-hydroxylase (T betah), an enzyme vital for OA(More)
Interaction of a given G protein-coupled receptor to multiple different G proteins is a widespread phenomenon. For instance, β2-adrenoceptor (β2-AR) couples dually to Gs and Gi proteins. Previous studies have shown that cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation of β2-AR causes a switch in receptor coupling from Gs to Gi. More recent(More)