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We analyzed postmortem tissues of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS) for mRNA levels of two inflammatory proteins, complement C1qB and clusterin (apoJ). By Northern blot hybridization, SALS was associated with increased mRNA for C1qB and clusterin in the motor cortex (Brodmann area A4), but not in superior temporal cortex (A17), relative to(More)
This study was performed to characterize the frequency, clinical presentation and etiology of cerebrovascular complications in patients with Fabry's disease. Thirty-three patients (age range 6-64 years) with Fabry's disease were reviewed, eight (24%) of whom suffered cerebrovascular complications. All patients developed ischemic strokes involving small(More)
The lifelong spermatogonial stem cell divisions unique to male germ cell production are thought to contribute to a higher mutation frequency in males. The fact that certain de novo human genetic conditions (e.g., achondroplasia) increase in incidence with the age of the father is consistent with this idea. Although it is assumed that the paternal age effect(More)
This study was performed to explore the potential role of mitochondrial DNA mutations in the neurodegenerative process in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Using a semi-quantitative assay, a common mitochondrial DNA deletion mutation (mt DNA4977) was assayed in brain tissue obtained from six sporadic ALS patients and compared to four controls. In each(More)
Congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease caused by mutations in the SCN9A gene. We report a patient with the clinical features consistent with CIP in whom we detected a novel homozygous G2755T mutation in exon 15 of this gene. Routine electrophysiological studies are typically normal in patients with CIP. In our(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize a distinct form of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) clinically and genetically. BACKGROUND The SCAs are a genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders affecting the cerebellum and its connections. The mutations for SCA1, 2, 3, 6, and 7 have been identified and shown to be due to expansion of a CAG repeat in the(More)
We studied the gene for the trinucleotide repeat disorder X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) to quantify the spectrum of mutations and gain insight into genetic anticipation. This analysis was performed using single sperm typing from an affected individual. This method allows the quantification of large numbers of meioses and therefore(More)
The expression and localization of two distinct mRNAs from the macrophage scavenger receptor gene family were studied in rat brain cells in vivo and in vitro. In general, brains of control male rats showed low level signals by in situ hybridization for the macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR) and murine adherent macrophage (MAMA) receptor. In contrast, the(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a neurovisceral lipidosis characterized by defective intracellular trafficking of cholesterol and lysosomal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol, believed to be an offending metabolite. We studied the effect of cholesterol-lowering agents on hepatic and plasma cholesterol levels in NP-C by randomly assigning 25(More)