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A series of borinic acid picolinate esters were synthesized and screened for their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Our lead compounds were then screened for anti-inflammatory activity. From these studies, we identified 3-hydroxypyridine-2-carbonyloxy-bis(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)borane (2g, AN0128) as(More)
Two oligonucleotide primers Lsmc1 and Lsmv1 derived from the conserved and the variable region of a major class kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) minicircle (pLURkE3) of Leishmania strain UR6 were used for the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in order to amplify a 461-bp fragment from the kDNAs of different Leishmania species. These primers amplify the specific(More)
We have used boron-based molecules to create novel, competitive, reversible inhibitors of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4). The co-crystal structure reveals a binding configuration which is unique compared to classical catechol PDE4 inhibitors, with boron binding to the activated water in the bimetal center. These phenoxybenzoxaboroles can be optimized to(More)
γ-Secretase-mediated cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) results in the production of Alzheimer disease-related amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides. The Aβ42 peptide in particular plays a pivotal role in Alzheimer disease pathogenesis and represents a major drug target. Several γ-secretase modulators (GSMs), such as the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(More)
The 3-aminoquinzolinediones represent a new series of antibacterial agents structurally related to the fluoroquinolones. They are inhibitors of bacterial gyrase and topoisomerase IV and demonstrate clinically useful antibacterial activity against fastidious Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms, including multidrug- and fluoroquinolone-resistant(More)
A series of 3-aminoquinazolinediones was synthesized and evaluated for its antibacterial and DNA gyrase activity. The SAR around the quinazolinedione core was explored and the optimal substitutions were combined to give two compounds, 2r and 2s, with exceptional enzyme potency (IC50 = 0.2 microM) and activity against gram-positive organisms (MIC's =(More)
Structure-activity relationships of a novel series of fungal efflux pump inhibitors with respect to potentiation of the activity of fluconazole against strains of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata over-expressing ABC-type efflux pumps are systematically explored.
A series of novel 6-(aminomethylphenoxy)benzoxaborole analogs was synthesized for the investigation of the structure-activity relationship of the inhibition of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6, from lipopolysaccharide stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Compounds 9d and 9e showed potent activity against all three cytokines with IC50 values between(More)
The discovery of a series of quinazolinone-based fungal efflux pump inhibitors by high-throughput screening for potentiation of fluconazole in C. albicans is described. Attempts to improve the aqueous solubility of screening hits led to the discovery of an analog with greatly improved physical properties and activity against clinically-relevant Candida spp.