Rajeshwar Narlawar

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Selective lowering of Aβ42 levels (the 42-residue isoform of the amyloid-β peptide) with small-molecule γ-secretase modulators (GSMs), such as some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, is a promising therapeutic approach for Alzheimer's disease 1. To identify the target of these agents we developed biotinylated photo-activatable GSMs. GSM photoprobes did(More)
Curcumin binds to the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) and inhibits or modulates amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism. Therefore, curcumin-derived isoxazoles and pyrazoles were synthesized to minimize the metal chelation properties of curcumin. The decreased rotational freedom and absence of stereoisomers was predicted to enhance affinity toward Abeta(42)(More)
N-sulfonylated and N-alkylated carprofen derivatives were investigated for their inhibition and modulation of gamma-secretase, which is associated with Alzheimer's disease. The introduction of a lipophilic substituent transformed the COX-2 inhibitor carprofen into a potent gamma-secretase modulator. Several compounds (e.g., 9p, 11f) caused selective(More)
TO-901317, a LXR agonist, is an inverse modulator of Alzheimer's disease associated gamma-secretase. We synthesized TO-901317 analogous compound but replaced the hexafluorocarbinol moiety by an oxyacetic acid functionality and hypothesized that the replacement would change the mode of action from an inverse modulation to normal modulation of(More)
A number of studies have identified differential kavalactone activity against a variety of molecular targets, including P-glycoprotein (Pgp), platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO-B), transcription factor binding domains, pregnane X (PXR) and GABA receptors, and cytochrome P450 and cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzymes. The molecular structure of the kavalactones(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the CFTR chloride channel. Wild type and mutant CFTR channels can be activated by curcumin, a well tolerated dietary compound with some appeal as a prospective CF therapeutic. However, we show here that curcumin has the unexpected effect of cross-linking CFTR polypeptides into SDS-resistant(More)
The exact cause of Alzheimer's disease is still unknown; despite the dramatic progress in understanding. Most gene mutations associated with Alzheimer's disease point to the amyloid precursor protein and amyloid beta. The alpha-, beta- and gamma-secretases are the three executioners of amyloid precursor protein processing. Significant progress has been made(More)
N-Sulfonylated and N-alkylated carbazolyloxyacetic acids were investigated for the inhibition and modulation of the Alzheimer's disease associated gamma-secretase. The introduction of a lipophilic substituent, which may vary from arylsulfone to alkyl, turned 2-carbazolyloxyacetic acids into potent gamma-secretase modulators. This resulted in the selective(More)
Curcumin-derived oxazoles and pyrazoles were synthesized in order to minimize the metal chelation properties of curcumin. The reduced rotational freedom and the absence of stereoisomers was anticipated to enhance the inhibition of gamma-secretase. Accordingly, the replacement of the 1,3-dicarbonyl moiety by isosteric heterocycles turned curcumin analogue(More)
Most gene mutations associated with Alzheimer's disease point to the metabolism of amyloid precursor protein as a potential cause. The beta- and gamma-secretases are two executioners of amyloid precursor protein processing resulting in amyloid-beta. Significant progress has been made in the selective inhibition of both proteases, regardless of structural(More)
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