Rajesh P. N. Rao

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A large number of human psychophysical results have been successfully explained in recent years using Bayesian models. However, the neural implementation of such models remains largely unclear. In this article, we show that a network architecture commonly used to model the cerebral cortex can implement Bayesian inference for an arbitrary hidden Markov(More)
The responses of visual cortical neurons during fixation tasks can be significantly modulated by stimuli from beyond the classical receptive field. Modulatory effects in neural responses have also been recently reported in a task where a monkey freely views a natural scene. In this article, we describe a hierarchical network model of visual recognition that(More)
Active vision systems have the capability of continuously interacting with the environment. The rapidly changing environment of such systems means that it is attractive to replace static representations with visual routines that compute information on demand. Such routines place a premium on image data structures that are easily computed and used. The(More)
We propose an algorithm that uses Gaussian process regression to learn common hidden structure shared between corresponding sets of heterogenous observations. The observation spaces are linked via a single, reduced-dimensionality latent variable space. We present results from two datasets demonstrating the algorithms’s ability to synthesize novel data from(More)
A spike-timing-dependent Hebbian mechanism governs the plasticity of recurrent excitatory synapses in the neocortex: synapses that are activated a few milliseconds before a postsynaptic spike are potentiated, while those that are activated a few milliseconds after are depressed. We show that such a mechanism can implement a form of temporal difference(More)
Learning through imitation is a powerful and versatile method for acquiring new behaviors. In humans, a wide range of behaviors, from styles of social interaction to tool use, are passed from one generation to another through imitative learning. Although imitation evolved through Darwinian means, it achieves Lamarckian ends: it is a mechanism for the(More)
This paper presents a two-part study investigating the use of forearm surface electromyographic (EMG) signals for real-time control of a robotic arm. In the first part of the study, we explore and extend current classification-based paradigms for myoelectric control to obtain high accuracy (92-98%) on an eight-class offline classification problem, with up(More)