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The Aurora kinases have been the subject of considerable interest as targets for the development of new anticancer agents. While evidence suggests inhibition of Aurora B kinase gives rise to the more pronounced antiproliferative phenotype, the most clinically advanced agents reported to date typically inhibit both Aurora A and B. We have discovered a series(More)
ATR is an attractive new anticancer drug target whose inhibitors have potential as chemo- or radiation sensitizers or as monotherapy in tumors addicted to particular DNA-repair pathways. We describe the discovery and synthesis of a series of sulfonylmorpholinopyrimidines that show potent and selective ATR inhibition. Optimization from a high quality(More)
Aurora kinases play a critical role in regulating mitosis and cell division, and their overexpression has been implicated in the survival and proliferation of human cancer. In this study, we report the in vitro and in vivo activities of AZD1152, a compound that has selectivity for aurora B kinase, in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines, primary AML(More)
Cediranib (RECENTIN, AZD2171) is a highly potent inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activity associated with all three vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors and is currently in Phase II/III clinical trials. Preclinically, cediranib inhibits VEGF signaling and angiogenesis in vivo and impedes solid tumor growth significantly. Clinically, changes(More)
CHR-2797 is a novel metalloenzyme inhibitor that is converted into a pharmacologically active acid product (CHR-79888) inside cells. CHR-79888 is a potent inhibitor of a number of intracellular aminopeptidases, including leucine aminopeptidase. CHR-2797 exerts antiproliferative effects against a range of tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo and shows(More)
The synthesis of a novel series of quinazolines substituted at C4 by five-membered ring aminoheterocycles is reported. Their in vitro structure-activity relationships versus Aurora A and B serine-threonine kinases is discussed. Our results demonstrate that quinazolines with a substituted aminothiazole at C4 possess potent Aurora A and B inhibitory activity(More)
A study of the factors involved in obtaining valid global metabolite profiles from the HPLC-MS of rat or mouse plasma for the purposes of metabonomic analysis has been undertaken. Plasma proteins were precipitated with three volumes of either methanol or acetonitrile. Chromatographic separations were performed on a C18-bonded stationary phase using 3.5 and(More)
PURPOSE In the current study, we examined the in vivo effects of AZD1152, a novel and specific inhibitor of Aurora kinase activity (with selectivity for Aurora B). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The pharmacodynamic effects and efficacy of AZD1152 were determined in a panel of human tumor xenograft models. AZD1152 was dosed via several parenteral (s.c. osmotic(More)
PCRs were developed to detect 11 Escherichia coli virulence genes. Primers amplified the respective genes without cross-reaction with other genes. Specificity was maintained in multiplex reactions; excellent amplification of target genes was possible with a minimum of four multiplex reactions. These reactions successfully identified genes in E. coli from(More)
Efforts to apply nanotechnology in cancer have focused almost exclusively on the delivery of cytotoxic drugs to improve therapeutic index. There has been little consideration of molecularly targeted agents, in particular kinase inhibitors, which can also present considerable therapeutic index limitations. We describe the development of Accurin polymeric(More)