Rajesh Mahajan

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These guidelines provide a strategy to manage unanticipated difficulty with tracheal intubation. They are founded on published evidence. Where evidence is lacking, they have been directed by feedback from members of the Difficult Airway Society and based on expert opinion. These guidelines have been informed by advances in the understanding of crisis(More)
Sixty patients who shivered after routine surgery under general anaesthesia were allocated randomly to receive normal saline (n = 20), doxapram 1.5 mg kg-1 (n = 20) or pethidine 0.33 mg kg-1 (n = 20). Both doxapram and pethidine were effective in treating postoperative shivering 2-3 min after i.v. administration. In the group who received normal saline, 15(More)
We aimed to validate the mathematical validity and accuracy of the respiratory components of the Nottingham Physiology Simulator (NPS), a computer simulation of physiological models. Subsequently, we aimed to assess the accuracy of the NPS in predicting the effects of a change in mechanical ventilation on patient arterial blood-gas tensions. The NPS was(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the transient hyperaemic response (THR) to brief compression (20 s) of the brachial artery has been described as a way to assess vascular reactivity of the forearm skin. We studied the effects of locally iontophoresed vasoactive agents on this response in 20 male volunteers. METHODS An iontophoresis chamber attached to the anterior(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of vasoactive substances on cerebral haemodynamics are not fully known. We studied the effects of norepinephrine and glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) on cerebral haemodynamics in healthy volunteers. METHODS The effects of norepinephrine (n=10) and GTN (n=10) on the middle cerebral artery flow velocity (MCAFV), cerebral autoregulation,(More)
Tussometry involves a continuous measurement of airflow produced by a cough manoeuvre displayed as an airflow-time wave. There is a rapid rise to its peak (cough peak flow rate) and the time taken to reach the peak (peak velocity time) is determined by the laryngeal opening at the onset of cough. Cough peak flow and peak velocity time were measured in 10(More)
BACKGROUND Stellate ganglion block (SGB) causes vasodilatation in the skin of the head and neck because of regional sympathetic block. Its effects on cerebral haemodynamics, in health or in disease, are not clear. We evaluated the effects of SGB on ipsilateral middle cerebral artery flow velocity (MCAFV), estimated cerebral perfusion pressure (eCPP), zero(More)
The differences in phonation between men and women are thought to occur from anatomical differences in the larynx. However, it is not known if there are any differences in cough dynamics between the sexes. We investigated this by asking 100 healthy, non-smoking adults (50 male) to perform a voluntary cough into a tussometer. Each volunteer coughed at four(More)
Accelerometry is increasingly being used for neuromuscular monitoring. We sought to determine whether this system is sensitive to the period of stabilization of muscle twitch prior to the administration of neuromuscular relaxant. We recruited 20 patients. No premedication was given, and anesthesia was induced with propofol and alfentanil and maintained by a(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged incubation of porcine isolated coronary artery (PCA) to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes a moderate reduction in vessel constrictive responsiveness. This has been attributed mainly to the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). We aimed to investigate the role of induction of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) and expression of endothelin receptor(More)