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BACKGROUND Fewer girls than boys are born in India. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this low sex ratio. Our aim was to ascertain the contribution of prenatal sex determination and selective abortion as measured by previous birth sex. METHODS We analysed data obtained for the Special Fertility and Mortality Survey undertaken in 1998.(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to better estimate the prevalence and severity of childhood food allergy in the United States. METHODS A randomized, cross-sectional survey was administered electronically to a representative sample of US households with children from June 2009 to February 2010. Eligible participants included adults (aged 18 years or(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) is accompanied by autonomic, emotional, and cognitive deficits, indicating brain alterations. Reduced gray matter volume and isolated white matter infarcts occur in HF, but the extent of damage is unclear. Using magnetic resonance T2 relaxometry, we evaluated the extent of injury across the entire brain in HF. METHODS AND(More)
Leukoencephalopathy with severe hypertension is a recently described entity in nephrology, with only a few case reports to date in children. We prospectively studied 18 children with severe hypertension to evaluate the clinical features, severity, reversibility, and prognosis. All were subjected to clinical and biochemical tests, magnetic resonance imaging(More)
From the Centre for Global Health Research, Toronto (P.J., B.J., R. Kamadod); and the Epidemiological Research Centre, Chennai (V.G.); Healis-Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Mumbai (P.C.G.); the Rural Health Training Centre, Najafgarh, New Delhi (N.D.); the School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh(More)
BACKGROUND The age-specific mortality rates and total deaths from specific cancers have not been documented for the various regions and subpopulations of India. We therefore assessed the cause of death in 2001-03 in homes in small areas that were chosen to be representative of all the parts of India. METHODS At least 130 trained physicians independently(More)
The polypeptide pattern of a local isolate of a virus causing hydropericardium syndrome was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A total of 12 polypeptides ranging in molecular weight between 13.8 and 110.0 kDa were observed. Western blot analysis of structural polypeptides revealed seven immunogenic polypeptides ranging(More)
Cognitive abnormalities, including memory deficits, are common in heart failure (HF). Brain structures, including the hippocampus, fornix, and thalamus participate in memory processing, and most show structural injury and functional deficits in HF. The mammillary bodies and fornix play essential roles in spatial and working memory processing, interact with(More)