Rajesh Kumar Sharma

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PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is well known for its role in pathologic neovascularization, including wet age-related macular degeneration. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that VEGF is also neuroprotective of non-vascular cells in various animal models through reduction of oxidative stress. In light of the widespread use of(More)
The effect of amantadine (an antiparkinsonian agent) on calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isozymes was investigated. Amantadine inhibited bovine brain 60 kDa calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase but not the bovine brain 63 kDa, heart and lung calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isozymes. The(More)
AIM Class III beta-tubulin, a constituent of neuronal microtubules, has been frequently used as a marker for the neuronal lineage in developmental biology. In retina, it is often used as a marker for ganglion cells. We investigated the developmental expression of this protein in retina and identified the cell types expressing it to gain a better(More)
AIM Dopamine serves a variety of functions in the retina. Abnormalities of the retinal dopaminergic system have been described in the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat as well as other models of retinal degeneration. Dopamine has been implicated in several retinal dysfunctions of retinitis pigmentosa. Dopaminergic amacrine cells respond to light by(More)
PURPOSE Amacrine cells expressing nitric oxide synthase (NOS) are seen in normal retinas and retinal grafts to extend long processes, which can be followed for long distances. Taking advantage of the morphologic features of these cells, the present study examined whether graft-host connections involve cells capable of producing nitric oxide, a recognized(More)
The amplification of cyclic nucleotide 'second messenger' signals within neurons is controlled by phosphodiesterases which are responsible for their degradation. Calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase (CaMPDE) is an abundant enzyme in brain which carries out this function. For the first time, we have localized CaMPDE in the normal human brain at various(More)
Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) have drawn attention because they offer possible treatment for neurodegenerative disorders in the form of regenerative therapy or transplantation. NPCs adapt and change in response to the cues in the pathological environment. We assessed the effect of pre-exposure to non-cytotoxic levels of oxidative stress, a common(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) acts as a modulator of neuronal transmission in mature neuronal systems, including the retina. Recently, NO has also been suggested to have a trophic function during development. We examined immunocytochemically the distribution of NO-producing cells in developing and transplanted rabbit retinas. An antibody detecting the neuronal isoform(More)
In this review article, we summarize recently accumulated knowledge regarding the molecular mechanisms, which control retinal development. Retinal neurons are born in two waves of cytogenesis. In the first wave, neurons of cone circuitry are generated, whereas in the second wave, rod circuitry is added. Neurons generated in these two waves of cytogenesis(More)