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InhA, the primary target for the first line anti-tuberculosis drug isoniazid, is a key enzyme of the fatty-acid synthase II system involved in mycolic acid biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In this study, we show that InhA is a substrate for mycobacterial serine/threonine protein kinases. Using a novel approach to validate phosphorylation of a(More)
The housekeeping transpeptidase sortase A (SrtA) from Staphyloccocus aureus catalyzes the covalent anchoring of surface proteins to the cell wall by linking the threonyl carboxylate of the LPXTG recognition motif to the amino group of the pentaglycine cross-bridge of the peptidoglycan. SrtA-catalyzed ligation of an LPXTG containing polypeptide with an(More)
In recent years, remarkable versatility of polyketide synthases (PKSs) has been recognized; both in terms of their structural and functional organization as well as their ability to produce compounds other than typical secondary metabolites. Multifunctional Type I PKSs catalyze the biosynthesis of polyketide products by either using the same active sites(More)
The amino acid sequence of xylanase isolated from the culture medium of Thermoascus aurantiacus was determined. It had 269 amino acid residues with an alpha-N-acetyl group at the amino terminus. The structure of blocked N-terminal 11 amino acid tryptic peptide except for acetylalanine was determined by sequence analysis of peptides derived from partial acid(More)
Macromolecular crowding, in principle, should affect any reaction that is accompanied by significant reduction in excluded volume. Here we have examined the influence of crowding on reverse proteolysis. We show that proteosynthesis of a polypeptide product with an interacting folding motif such as coiled coil is facilitated in crowded media as a consequence(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that covalent grafting of a single histidine residue into a twin-chain aliphatic hydrocarbon compound enhances its endosome-disrupting properties and thereby generates an excellent DNA transfection system. Significant increase in gene delivery efficiencies has thus been obtained by using endosome-disrupting multiple(More)
Urea denatured lipase from Chromobacterium viscosum lipase could be refolded by addition of alginate with high guluronic acid content. The refolded molecule could be recovered by affinity precipitation. This approach resulted in recovery of 80% (of original activity) as compared to classical dilution method which gave only 21% activity recovery. Dynamic(More)
A 5-year-old boy presented with the history of a small lower abdominal swelling since childhood which increased in size and became painful following a fall. Examination revealed a mobile, globular, cystic intraabdominal mass in the lower abdomen. Ultrasonography of the abdomen suggested a 7.5 × 5.5 cm cystic lesion, separate from the bladder, containing an(More)