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The pulp tissue necrosis and extensive periodontal diseases leads to the development of the inflammatory periapical lesion which causes a local response of bone around the apex of the tooth. Depends(More)
AIM In the present study, the effectiveness of three rotary and two manual nickel titanium instrument systems on mechanical reduction of the intracanal Enterococcus faecalis population was evaluated.(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of manual dynamic activation (MDA) with a master gutta-percha point on the smear layer removal efficacy of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic(More)