Rajeewa D Abeysinghe

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The rapidity and duration of the response of non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBPI) to chelation therapy are largely unknown and have important implications for the design of optimal chelation regimens. Methodology was developed to measure simultaneously NTBPI, deferoxamine (DFO), and its major metabolite. NTBPI was present in all but 2 of 28 thalassaemia major(More)
Pharmacokinetic investigation of desferrioxamine (DFO) was conducted in 11 thalassaemic patients following continuous intravenous infusion of 50 mg/kg/24 hr over 48 hr. Serial venous blood samples were obtained at regular time intervals during and on stopping DFO infusion. Plasma samples were processed with the addition of radioactive iron (59Fe) to(More)
In order to define a predictive animal model for the effects of hydroxypyridinone (HPO) iron chelators in humans, we have compared the 28 d oral efficacy and toxicology of the HPO, 1,2-diethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-4-one (CP94) in rats and guinea-pigs and related the results to the contrasting metabolism of this compound in the two species. CP94 was highly(More)
A system based on the detection of K-shell x-ray fluorescence (XRF) has been used to investigate whether a correlation exists between the concentration of iron in the skin and the concentration of iron in the liver, as the degree of iron loading increases. The motivation behind this work is to develop a non-invasive method of determining the extent of the(More)
The mechanisms of lipoxygenase inhibition by iron chelators have been investigated in human neutrophils and in isolated soybean lipoxygenase. Their Fe(III)-containing active sites have been targeted by synthesizing novel bidentate chelators from the hydroxypyridinone family sufficiently small to gain access through the hydrophobic channels of lipoxygenase.(More)
Five orally effective iron chelators of the 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one series have been administered intraperitoneally to iron-overloaded and nonoverloaded male mice at a dose of 200 mg/kg/24 h for a total of 60 days to investigate the effect on iron loading and toxicity. There was a significant reduction in hepatic iron at the end of the study in the(More)
The effects of 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one (HPO) iron chelators and desferrioxamine (DFO) on murine hemopoiesis in vivo and in vitro have been compared in order to investigate the mechanism by which leucopenia in mice and granulocytopenia in man occurs with 1,2-,dimethyl-HPO (CP20). Administration of 60 doses of 200 mg/kg CP20 to Balb/c mice resulted in(More)
In order to identify new compounds which label platelets without affecting their function, three classes of metal chelating agents have been compared with oxine for their efficiency of indium-113m platelet labelling and for their short- and long-term effects on platelet function. The 3-hydroxypyridinones (both 2-ones and 4-ones) and 3-hydroxypyranones are(More)