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Syntrophins are cytoplasmic peripheral membrane proteins of the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC). Three syntrophin isoforms, alpha1, beta1, and beta2, are encoded by distinct genes. Each contains two pleckstrin homology (PH) domains, a syntrophin-unique (SU) domain, and a PDZ domain. The name PDZ comes from the first three proteins found to(More)
The molecular machinery underlying neurotransmitter receptor immobilization at postsynaptic sites is poorly understood. The NMDA receptor subunit NR1 can form clusters in heterologous cells via a mechanism dependent on the alternatively spliced C1 exon cassette in its intracellular C-terminal tail, suggesting a functional interaction between NR1 and the(More)
Dystrophin is the approximately 400,000 Da. protein (p400K) product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene locus. In the sarcolemma membrane, it is associated with several other proteins, many of which are glycoproteins (abbreviated gp) and include gp156K, p59K, gp50K, gp43K, gp35K, and p25K. Here, we show that dystrophin, gp156K, and p59K are(More)
A Ca(2+)-calmodulin dependent protein kinase activity (DGC-PK) was previously shown to associate with skeletal muscle dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) preparations, and phosphorylate dystrophin and a protein with the same electrophoretic mobility as alpha-syntrophin (R. Madhavan, H.W. Jarrett, Biochemistry 33 (1994) 5797-5804). Here, we show that(More)
The flip-flop model is a mechanistic model proposed to describe how calmodulin activates enzymes. One prediction based upon this model is that calmodulin-activated enzymes would contain a calmodulin-like binding site which, among other attributes, would bind the peptide melittin. Five purified calmodulin-activated enzymes, namely calcineurin, myosin light(More)
The organization of the dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) was studied by investigating interactions between its components. For this purpose, mouse dystrophin and syntrophin-1 (alpha-syntrophin) sequences were expressed as chimeric fusion proteins and used in overlay binding experiments to probe gel blots of purified rabbit muscle DGC. In order to(More)