Rajeev K. Tripathi

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We have identified a common nonpathological polymorphism of the human tyrosinase gene. In Caucasians codon 402 can be either CGA (arginine) [p = .85] or CAA (glutamine) [p = .15]. This polymorphism also occurs in American Blacks, but the codon 402CAA (Gln) allele was not detected in Oriental populations. The substitution of glutamine for arginine at codon(More)
We have analyzed the tyrosinase (TYR) gene in 38 unrelated patients with oculocutaneous albinism (OCA), derived from several different ethnic groups of the diverse population of Israel. We detected TYR gene mutations in 23 of the 34 patients with apparent type I (i.e., tyrosinase-deficient) OCA and in none of the patients with other clinical forms of(More)
Tyrosinase (EC 1.14.18.1) is a copper-containing metalloglycoprotein that catalyzes several steps in the melanin pigment biosynthetic pathway; the hydroxylation of tyrosine to L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) and the subsequent oxidation of dopa to dopaquinone. It has been proposed that tyrosinase is also able to oxidize 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI), a(More)
Type I (tyrosinase-deficient) oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) results from mutations of the gene encoding tyrosinase, the enzyme that catalyzes the first 2 steps of melanin pigment biosynthesis. In type IA (tyrosinase-negative) OCA tyrosinase enzymatic activity is completely absent, and in type IB ("yellow") OCA tyrosinase activity is greatly reduced. Here,(More)
We have identified three different tyrosinase gene mutant alleles in four unrelated patients with type IB ("yellow") oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) and thus have demonstrated that type IB OCA is allelic to type IA (tyrosinase negative) OCA. In an inbred Amish kindred, type IB OCA results from homozygosity for a Pro----Leu substitution at codon 406. In the(More)
Type I oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which deficient synthesis of melanin pigment results from abnormal activity of melanocyte tyrosinase. A novel type I OCA phenotype in which hypopigmentation is related to local body temperature is associated with a missense substitution in tyrosinase, codon 422 CGG (Arg)----CAG(More)
Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by deficient synthesis of melanin pigment. Type I (tyrosinase-deficient) OCA results from mutations of the tyrosinase gene (TYR gene) encoding tyrosinase, the enzyme that catalyzes the first two steps of melanin biosynthesis. Mutations of the TYR gene have been(More)
1. We have shown that the characteristic lag in cresolase activity of human skin tyrosinase at inhibitory concentration of tyrosine was absent at all pH values studied, i.e. pH 5.2, 5.7, 6.2 and 6.8, if the enzyme solubilized at low pH was used as the source of enzyme, but the same enzyme when dialysed against buffers of various pH values showed linear(More)
Murine melanoma melanosomal tyrosinase, solubilised at pH 6.8 and 1% Igepal, exhibits a lag in cresolase activity which increases with increasing concentration of tyrosine. The enzyme, solubilised at pH 5.0 and assayed at pH 5.0, does not exhibit lag even at inhibitory concentrations of tyrosine while the same enzyme when assayed at pH 6.8 exhibits(More)
Citrate stimulates cresolase activity of tyrosinase from B-16 murine melanoma and human skin. Maximal stimulation by citrate was obtained at 2 mM, and stimulation was decreased at higher concentrations. Citrate stimulates tyrosinase not only from mammalian sources but also from mushroom. The stimulation was not due to reversal of inhibition of enzyme(More)