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General framework based on histogram equalization for image contrast enhancement is discussed. In this framework, contrast enhancement is posed as an optimization problem that minimizes a cost function. Histogram equalization is an effective technique for contrast enhancement. However, conventional histogram equalization (HE) usually results in excessive(More)
This project studies and identifies the PSK-based digital modulation scheme (BPSK, QPSK or GMSK) that gives the best BER performance in a multipath fading environment using computer simulation (MATLAB). Each PSK-based digital modulation are modeled and simulated under different channel conditions. Subsequently, a comparison study is carried out to obtain(More)
Aconitum balfourii (Bruhl) Muk. (Ranunculaceae) is an endangered medicinal plant. Natural populations were surveyed in the northwest Himalaya for population estimation and evaluation of elite germplasm. Vegetation sampling of quadrats was conducted using the vertical belt transect method in areas supporting A. balfourii. Plant density and relative dominance(More)
A field experiment was conducted during 2007–2010 at Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow to assess the magnitude of changes in soil physical, chemical and biological properties and crop yield with integration of FYM (organic) and inorganic fertilizer in sugarcane (plant-ratoon) system. Eight treatments of various inorganic and organic(More)
— Wavelength Division Multiplexed switching networks are important for the future transport networks. This paper analyzes the performance of various wavelength assignment algorithm and their effect on the blocking probability of the connection request in the optical network with traffic grooming. The wavelength assignment is a unique feature in wavelength(More)
AIM The present study was aimed to investigate the immunological competence of endosulfan insecticide after limited oral administration in White Leghorn layer chickens. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 White Leghorn birds were given endosulfan in drinking water at 30 ppm/bird/day (no observable effect level dose) for a period of 3-months. Immune(More)
The entropy vector is used to identify the homogeneity between the regions but in this proposed approach we are using a wavelet inspired segmented approach for the region match so that more clearly differentiate the homogenous and heterogeneous regions over the image. In this existing work, the K-means clustering is used as the initial classification and(More)
The vehicle registration plate detection is an emerging area in digital image processing. The registration plates are detected by using the video cameras on different locations for controlling the traffic. The vehicle registration plates could be detected in normal environment, but when the environment changes to foggy or rainy then the working of the(More)
AIM The present study was aimed to investigate the immunological competence of chlorpyrifos (CPF) insecticide after oral administration in layer chickens. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 White Leghorn birds were given CPF in drinking water at 0.3 ppm/bird/day (no observable effect level dose) for a period of 3-month. Immune competence status of layer(More)
Flooding is a phenomenon used in adhoc networks to get the information about the other nodes in the network. Whenever the topology in adhoc network changes the node has to perform the flooding technique to get the shortest path for neighborhood nodes. By using this technique, the information seeking packets from the source nodes are sent to all the other(More)