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Aging alters the ability of the brain to respond to injury. One of the major differences between the adult and aged brain is that comparable injuries lead to greater blood brain barrier disruption in the aged brain. The goals of these studies were to quantify the effects of age on BBB permeability using high field strength MRI T1 mapping and to determine(More)
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a late complication of prolonged neuroleptic treatment characterized by involuntary movements of the oral region. In spite of high incidence and much research, the pathophysiology of this devastating movement disorder remains elusive. Chronic treatment with neuroleptics leads to the development of abnormal oral movements in rats,(More)
The present study was carried out to evaluate the beneficial effect of mitochondrial cofactors; alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) and acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) in 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) induced experimental model of Huntington's disease (HD). HD was developed by administering sub-chronic doses of 3-NP, intraperitoneally, twice daily for 17 days. The animals(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is a major event involved in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease (HD). The present study evaluates the role of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) in preventing mitochondrial dysfunctions in a 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced model of HD. Administration of 3-NP to rats (Wistar strain) resulted in significant inhibition of(More)
3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP), an irreversible inhibitor of succinic acid dehydrogenase (SDH), induces neurodegeneration similar to that observed in Huntington's disease (HD). The present study was designed to investigate neuroprotective effect of lycopene on 3-NP induced mitochondrial dysfunctions and oxidative stress. Rats administered with 3-NP (25 mg/kg,(More)
Evidence from clinical and experimental studies indicate that oxidative stress is involved in pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective potential of lycopene on oxidative stress and neurobehavioral abnormalities in rotenone induced PD. Rats were treated with rotenone (3 mg/kg body weight,(More)
Old age is associated with enhanced susceptibility to and poor recovery from brain injury. An exacerbated microglial and astrocyte response to brain injury might be involved in poor outcomes observed in the elderly. The present study was therefore designed to quantitate the expression of markers of microglia and astrocyte activation using real-time RT-PCR,(More)
Acute exposure to organophosphates induces a delayed neurodegenerative condition known as organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN). The mechanism of OPIDN has not been fully understood as it does not involve cholinergic crisis. The present study has been designed to evaluate the role of mitochondrial dysfunctions in the development of OPIDN. OPIDN(More)
Till date, an exact causative pathway responsible for neurodegeneration in Huntington’s disease (HD) remains elusive; however, mitochondrial dysfunction appears to play an important role in HD pathogenesis. Therefore, strategies to attenuate mitochondrial impairments could provide a potential therapeutic intervention. In the present study, we used curcumin(More)
Diabetic encephalopathy is characterized by impaired cognitive functions that involve neuronal damage triggered by glucose driven oxidative stress. The objective of the present study was to determine whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplementation ameliorates learning and memory deficits caused by hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress in experimental(More)