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Apolipoprotein (apo) C-I is a constituent of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRL) that interferes with their hepatic clearance. Functional polymorphism in the apoC-I gene has not been established. We determined that an Hpa I site variably present at -317 relative to the apoC-I gene is produced by a 4-bp CGTT insertion. The apoC-I Hpa I alleles showed an(More)
We used wild-type (WT) mice and mice engineered to express either apoB-100 only (B100 mice) or apoB-48 only (B48 mice) to examine the effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes (DM) on apoB-100- and apoB-48-containing lipoproteins. Plasma lipids increased with DM in WT mice, and fat tolerance was markedly impaired. Lipoprotein profiles showed increased(More)
Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], is present only in humans, Old World nonhuman primates, and the European hedgehog. Lp(a) has many properties in common with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) but contains a unique protein, apo(a), which is structurally different from other apolipoproteins. The size of the apo(a) gene is highly variable, resulting in the protein(More)
OBJECTIVE The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes lipid study (ACCORD Lipid), which compared the effects of simvastatin plus fenofibrate (FENO-S) versus simvastatin plus placebo (PL-S) on cardiovascular disease outcomes, measured only fasting triglyceride (TG) levels. We examined the effects of FENO-S on postprandial (PP) lipid and lipoprotein(More)
We investigated the metabolism of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) apolipoprotein B (apoB) in seven patients with combined hyperlipidemia (CHL), using 125I-labeled VLDL and 131I-labeled LDL and compartmental modeling, before and during lovastatin treatment. Lovastatin therapy(More)
The expression of the cholesterol transporter ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) in the brain and its role in the lipidation of apolipoproteins indicate that ABCA1 may play a critical role in brain cholesterol metabolism. To investigate the role of ABCA1 in brain cholesterol homeostasis and trafficking, we characterized mice that specifically(More)
Hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis are the two most serious factors in acute metabolic complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Dysfunction of the central nervous system is a well-documented complication of diabetes. We and others have previously reported that acute or chronic diabetes in animal's results in altered brain neurotransmitter levels. In(More)
Despite many previous studies, controversy remains concerning the effects of dietary cholesterol on plasma cholesterol concentrations. In addition, the focus of previous studies has been fasting lipid and lipoprotein concentrations; there are no published studies with postprandial measurements. We studied the effects of four levels of dietary cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVE Because celiac disease is a female-predominant disease we investigated the influence of gender on clinical manifestations of the disease in the United States. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data were obtained on biopsy-proven adult patients with celiac disease from a database of patients seen between 1981 and 2001 in a University-based referral center. Z(More)