Rajarshi Chattaraj

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Ultrasound is widely applied in medical diagnosis and therapy due to its safety, high penetration depth, and low cost. In order to improve the contrast of sonographs and efficiency of the ultrasound therapy, echogenic gas bodies or droplets (with diameters from 200 nm to 10 µm) are often used, which are not very stable in the bloodstream and unable to(More)
This work reports that when PEG-lipid-shelled microbubbles with fluorocarbon interior (C4F10, C5F12, or C6F14) are subjected to ultrasound pulses, they produce metastable, fluid-filled nanoparticles that can be re-imaged upon administration of HIFU. The nanoparticles produced by destruction of the microbubbles (MBNPs) are of 150 nm average diameter and can(More)
Superheated perfluorocarbon nano-droplets exhibit promise as sensitive acoustic biosensors. Aggregation of biotin-decorated lipid-shelled droplets by streptavidin greatly increases the yield of bubbles formed by ultrasound-induced vaporization. Streptavidin is sensed down to 1 × 10(-13) m, with differentiable signal appearing in as little as two minutes,(More)
While gas-filled micrometer-sized ultrasound contrast agents vastly improve signal-to-noise ratios, microbubbles have short circulation lifetimes and poor extravasation from the blood. Previously reported fluorocarbon-based nanoscale contrast agents are more stable but their contrast is generally lower owing to their size and dispersity. The contrast agents(More)
Lipid-stabilized nanoemulsions containing a volatile liquid perfluorocarbon core have been studied as ultrasound contrast agents owing to their ability to transform into high-contrast microbubbles when subjected to high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). However, while there have been several studies on the effect of acoustic parameters on contrast, the(More)
Mutually reactive, fluorogenic molecules are presented as a simple and novel technique for in-solution biosensing. The hypothesis behind this work was that aggregating droplets into close proximity would cause rapid mixing of their contents. To take advantage of this effect, a novel pair of fluorogenic redox molecules were designed to remain in(More)
The mechanical effects of cavitation can be effective for therapy but difficult to control, thus potentially leading to off-target side effects in patients. While administration of ultrasound active agents such as fluorocarbon microbubbles and nanodroplets can locally enhance the effects of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), it has been challenging(More)
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