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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Writer's cramp (WC) is a focal task-specific dystonia of the hand which is increasingly being accepted as a network disorder. Non-invasive cortical stimulation using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has produced therapeutic benefits in some of these patients. This study aimed to visualize the motor network(More)
Measuring neuro-haemodynamic correlates in the brain of epilepsy patients using EEG-fMRI has opened new avenues in clinical neuroscience, as these are two complementary methods for understanding brain function. In this study, we investigated three patients with drug-resistant reflex epilepsy using EEG-fMRI. Different types of reflex epilepsy such as eating,(More)
BACKGROUND Resting state (task independent) Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has opened a new avenue in cognitive studies and has found practical clinical applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS Resting fMRI analysis was performed in six patients with brain tumor in the motor cortex. For comparison, task-related mapping of the motor cortex was(More)
Human memory is an enigmatic component of cognition which many researchers have attempted to comprehend. Accumulating studies on functional connectivity see brain as a complex dynamic unit with positively and negatively correlated networks in perfect coherence during a task. We aimed to examine coherence of network connectivity during visual memory encoding(More)
– Feature extraction and classification of electro-physiological signals is an important issue in development of disease diagnostic expert system (DDES). In this paper we propose a method based on chaos methodology for EEG signal classification. The nonlinear dynamics of original EEGs are quantified in the form of entropy, largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE),(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may develop several gait disturbances during the course of illness and Freezing of gait (FOG) is one of them. Several neuroimaging studies have been conducted to identify the neural correlates of FOG but results have not been uniform. Resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) is relatively less explored in PD(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The frequency of seizures is an important factor that can alter functional brain connectivity. Analysis of this factor in patients with epilepsy is complex because of disease- and medication-induced confounders. Because patients with hot-water epilepsy generally are not on long-term drug therapy, we used seed-based connectivity(More)
INTRODUCTION Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder among adults. Although ET has been recognized as a mono-symptomatic benign illness, reports of non-motor symptoms and non-tremor motor symptoms have increased its clinical heterogeneity. The neural correlates of ET are not clearly understood. The aim of this study was to understand the(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors aimed to understand the alterations of brain resting-state networks (RSNs) in patients with pan-brachial plexus injury (BPI) before and after surgery, which might provide insight into cortical plasticity after peripheral nerve injury and regeneration. METHODS Thirty-five patients with left pan-BPI before surgery, 30 patients after(More)
Current research suggests that human consciousness is associated with complex, synchronous interactions between multiple cortical networks. In particular, the default mode network (DMN) of the resting brain is thought to be altered by changes in consciousness, including the meditative state. However, it remains unclear how meditation alters the fast and(More)