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BACKGROUND Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) have a great impact on patients with Parkinson disease (PD). The Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS) is an instrument specifically designed for the comprehensive assessment of NMS in patients with PD. NMSS psychometric properties have been tested in this study. METHODS Data were collected in 12 centers across 10 countries in(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) stimulates neuronal growth and protects nigral dopamine neurons in animal models of Parkinson disease (PD). Therefore, BDNF is a candidate gene for PD. The authors investigated five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 597 cases of familial PD. Homozygosity for the rare allele of the functional BDNF G196A (Val66Met)(More)
IMPORTANCE Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant that supports mitochondrial function, has been shown in preclinical Parkinson disease (PD) models to reduce the loss of dopamine neurons, and was safe and well tolerated in early-phase human studies. A previous phase II study suggested possible clinical benefit. OBJECTIVE To examine whether CoQ10 could slow(More)
BACKGROUND A 48-year-old man with a 9-year history of Parkinson's disease who had previously shown a good response to levodopa presented for evaluation of increasingly disabling motor fluctuations and marked camptocormia. INVESTIGATIONS Video-recorded neurological examinations when in 'off' and 'on' states, brain MRI scan. DIAGNOSIS Advanced Parkinson's(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms in the glutathione S-transferase pi gene (GSTP1), encoding GSTP1-1, a detoxification enzyme, may increase the risk of Parkinson disease (PD) with exposure to pesticides. Using the GenePD Study sample of familial PD cases, we explored whether GSTP1 polymorphisms were associated with the age at onset of PD symptoms and whether that(More)
BACKGROUND A 59-year-old man with a 7-year history of Parkinson disease (PD) presented with episodes of sudden, severe headaches with neck pain, tachycardia, sweating and pallor. During these episodes, the patient showed marked elevations in blood pressure, regardless of posture. This was unusual, given that he had no prior history of hypertension. The(More)
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