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Intestinal epithelial stem cell identity and location have been the subject of substantial research. Cells in the +4 niche are slow-cycling and label-retaining, whereas a different stem cell niche located at the crypt base is occupied by crypt base columnar (CBC) cells. CBCs are distinct from +4 cells, and the relationship between them is unknown, though(More)
The plasticity of differentiated cells in adult tissues undergoing repair is an area of intense research. Pulmonary alveolar type II cells produce surfactant and function as progenitors in the adult, demonstrating both self-renewal and differentiation into gas exchanging type I cells. In vivo, type I cells are thought to be terminally differentiated and(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral radiation necrosis is a serious complication of radiation treatment for brain tumors. Therapeutic options include corticosteroids, anticoagulation and hyperbaric oxygen with limited efficacy. Bevacizumab, an antibody against VEGF had been reported to reduce edema in patients with suspected radiation necrosis. We retrospectively reviewed(More)
In modern medicine brain imaging is an essential prerequisite not only to acute stroke triage but also to determining the specific therapy indicated. This article reviews the need for imaging the brain in acute stroke, penumbral pathophysiology, penumbral imaging techniques, as well as current status of various imaging modalities that are being employed to(More)
Taste buds are composed of a variety of taste receptor cell types that develop from tongue epithelium and are regularly replenished under normal homeostatic conditions as well as after injury. The characteristics of cells that give rise to regenerating taste buds are poorly understood. Recent studies have suggested that Lgr5 (leucine-rich repeat-containing(More)
The recent development of targeted murine reporter alleles as proxies for intestinal stem cell activity has led to significant advances in our understanding of somatic stem cell hierarchies and dynamics. Analysis of these reporters has led to a model in which an indispensable reserve stem cell at the top of the hierarchy (marked by Bmi1 and Hopx reporters)(More)
To describe the morphologic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in histologically proven therapy-induced cerebral necrosis. We retrospectively reviewed the morphologic MRI findings in patients with therapy-induced cerebral necrosis. Images were reviewed for size, location, and characteristics of signal intensity abnormalities and T1-contrast(More)
Our objective is to assess treatment efficacy, safety and pattern of response and recurrence in patients with recurrent high-grade glioma treated with bevacizumab and irinotecan. We reviewed retrospectively 51 patients with recurrent high-grade glioma treated with this combination at the Henry Ford Hermelin Brain Tumor Center from 11/15/2005 to 04/01/2008.(More)
We have tested the predictive value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis in stratifying progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in bevacizumab-treated patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) from the multi-center BRAIN study. Available MRI's from patients enrolled in the BRAIN study (n = 97) were(More)
Cardiac complications are well known after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Electrocardiographic changes occur in 50% to 100% of such cases. Arrhythmias, left ventricular dysfunction, and frank myocardial infarction are infrequently observed. Myocardial infarction must be differentiated from neurogenic stunned myocardium, which is a reversible condition.(More)