Rajamanickam Baskar

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BACKGROUND A major concern of cancer chemotherapy is the side effects caused by the non-specific targeting of both normal and cancerous cells by therapeutic drugs. Much emphasis has been placed on discovering new compounds that target tumour cells more efficiently and selectively with minimal toxic effects on normal cells. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS(More)
Ionizing radiation is an invaluable diagnostic and treatment tool used in various clinical applications. On the other hand, radiation is a known cytotoxic with a potential DNA damaging and carcinogenic effects. However, the biological effects of low and high linear energy transfer (LET) radiations are considerably more complex than previously thought. In(More)
The present investigation was carried out to study the effects of in utero exposure to low-level gamma radiation (0.25, 0.35, or 0.50 Gy) on the postnatal neurophysiology and neurochemistry of the mouse. Pregnant Swiss albino mice were irradiated on days 11.5, 12.5, 14.5, or 17.5 post coitus (PC) and allowed to deliver. Locomotor and exploratory activities,(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has been classified as a third novel gasotransmitter signaling molecule alongside nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S rapidly travels through the cell membranes without using any specific receptors/transporters and signaling intracellular proteins. Recently, it has been shown that H(2)S induces DNA damage and alter cell cycle in(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown previously to exert proapoptotic activity. However, the mechanism(s) by which H2S affects cell growth and function have not been addressed adequately. In this study, cultured human lung fibroblasts were treated with the H2S donor NaHS (10-75 microM; 12-48 h). NaHS caused a concentration-dependent increase in micronuclei(More)
The abdominal region of pregnant Swiss albino mice was exposed to single dose of 0.5 Gy gamma-radiation at gestation days from 1.5 to 17.5 days post-coitus (p.c). The animals were sacrificed on day 18 p.c. and foetuses were examined for resorption and embryonic death, foetal death, growth retardation, small head, low brain weight, micro-phthalmia and any(More)
Abdominal region of pregnant Swiss mice were exposed to 0.25, 0.35 or 0.50 Gy of gamma radiation on days 11.5, 12.5, 14.5 or 17.5 post coitus (pc). Changes in locomotory activity and learning performance, and hippocampal biogenic amines (noradrenaline, NA; dopamine, DA; 5-hydroxytryptomine, 5-HT; and 5-HTs metabolite 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid, 5-HIAA) were(More)
In recent years remarkable progress has been made towards the understanding of proposed hallmarks of cancer development and treatment. However with its increasing incidence, the clinical management of cancer continues to be a challenge for the 21st century. Treatment modalities comprise of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and hormonal(More)
Sinonasal lymphoma is one of the constituents of lethal midline granuloma, which is a clinical term for progressive, destructive lesions affecting the midline of the face. The majority of sinonasal lymphomas, especially those showing polymorphous patterns of proliferation and thus termed polymorphic reticulosis, recently were categorized as sinonasal(More)
Esophageal achalasia (EA) is a rare disease in man and animals and there are many discussions on its higher risk of esophageal cancer. N-Amyl-N-methylnitrosamine (AMN) which specifically induces esophageal tumors in mice and rats was given to three mutant mouse strains, i.e. 101/N, STX/Le and BXH-8, which develop a high incidence of EA. The incidence of EA(More)